They include: swamps, marshes billabongs, lakes, lagoons saltmarshes, mudflats mangroves, coral reefs bogs, fens, and peatlands. What sort of water sources could occur in a world tree? How long was Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister? This starts out as. Make sure it has poor drainage. This may be surprising: for pre-industrial societies, marshes were a key source of iron ore! How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? They tend to be small and compact. Most well-watered areas aren't wetlands because of drainage. Large wetlands formed when glaciers dammed rivers, scoured valleys, and reworked floodplains. How are Bayous Formed? So those are your ways to get water; note that this means you can have a wetland in an otherwise dry-ish area, though that's uncommon. Although once thought of as mosquito-filled swamps or bogs, wetlands actually perform many valuable functions. U.S. state agencies also may intentionally flood dry areas to encourage wetland formation to host wetland-dependent species. The growth of vegetation combined with the lack of oxygen to support decay means wetlands can accumulate large amounts of carbon. Mangrove swamps are coastal wetlands found in tropical and subtropical regions. A wetland forms when an area gets significant water input and slow water output. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Worldbuilding Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for writers/artists using science, geography and culture to construct imaginary worlds and settings. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Freshwater swamps are common in inland areas. The formation of wetlands, including peat swamps, is dependent on a number of factors, such as location in the landscape and total catchment area. Wetlands are where the water table is at or near the surface of the land, or where the land is permanently or temporarily (as with the tides) covered by water. Peat formatio… Similarly, vast swathes of tundra are marshy during the summer thaw. Novel from Star Wars universe where Leia fights Darth Vader and drops him off a cliff. Thick, wet mud and murky waters make it hard for biologists to move around. How many spin states do Cu+ and Cu2+ have and why? Regularly flooded, protected areas develop mangrove swamps in tropical and subtropical regions. How long can a river physically be on a planet? They're a pain to traverse, since if you try to walk you'll hit thick mud or deep pools and if you try to boat you'll hit thick mats or sandbars. Can you be more specific? Steam or mist would be great too. Any little dip in the ground will fill with meltwater in the spring and stay water-logged until the fall freeze. Are you looking for any particular type of swamp? wetlands which are part of river, stream and lake beds; natural ponds, swamps, marshes, fens, bogs, seeps, brackish areas, mountain wetlands, and other naturally wet areas that support an indigenous ecosystem of plants and animals specifically adapted to living in … Vasjugan, Everglades, Polessky Swamps, etc all have different genesis and conditions. Swamps can be saltwater, fresh water, or a brackish in-between. How would you describe the obsession of zi dima? Then there's output. There are two major types of peatlands – bogs and fens, both of which occur in similar climatic and geographic regions. Saltwater swamps protect coasts from the open ocean. A bayou is a slow moving river or stream that may have swamp or marsh-like areas along some parts of the shoreline. They are characterized by halophytic (salt loving) trees, shrubs and other plants growing in brackish to saline tidal waters. Wetlands may be natural or artificial and the swamps are characterised by stagnant(still, or slowly moving) waters, “Question closed” notifications experiment results and graduation, MAINTENANCE WARNING: Possible downtime early morning Dec 2, 4, and 9 UTC…. Wetlands can form naturally or through animal or human activity. Salt swamps are formed by seawater flooding and draining, which exposes flat areas of intertidal land. I've edited my question. Swamps are of each extremein the time that they exist: a swamp with a good water source and littledisturbance can exist longer than a mountain range. MathJax reference. Rainfall in iron-rich uplands would flow down to wetlands and accumulate, aided by bacteria, into lumps of hematite. What circumstances (weather, climate, fauna, wind, etc.) What are wetlands? What I'm after is trees, and basically enough foliage/uncertain footing with the water to make it a maze. Generally these wetlands are referred to as "peatlands" in recognition of their common ability to form peat (organic soil produced by the accumulation of plant material). How to avoid boats on a mainly oceanic world? If it's hot, they'll need a lot of rain or large bodies of water; if it's cold, you don't need much. How do people recognise the frequency of a played note? Swamps vary in size and type. In England and Wales, people would poke through the moors periodically looking for these deposits and take them to the blacksmith for refining. Swamps are often seasonally inundated by water, or remain continually flooded. Swamps can be saltwater, fresh water, or a brackish in-between. Thanks for contributing an answer to Worldbuilding Stack Exchange! [read my Q&A comment and the extra information. Swamps are formed in soft, low lying ground near to a source ofample water. Such wetlands are like tropical rain forests: they have vast amounts of vegetation which accumulated very slowly, and if cleared will not be good for agriculture without massive fertilization of the soil. I don't think that 20x15 miles swamp is any massive. The varying water levels are conducive to certain forms of life, such as alligators, ducks, clams, and snakes, which have all evolved means of coping. These are open habitats primarily composed of pond cypress trees living on poor soils. Like marshes, they are often found near rivers or lakes and have mineral soil that drains very slowly. Can "vorhin" be used instead of "von vorhin" in this sentence? Use MathJax to format equations. Cut down the entire forest. It only takes a minute to sign up. I suppose you could have a salt marsh inland, if its water came through large salt deposits, but if so it may not have much life since there'd be no way for saltwater plants or animals to migrate to it. Mangroves and Alders are good examples of swamp-loving trees. Some tidal freshwater wetlands form beyond the upper edges of tidal salt marshes where the influence of salt water ends. Marshes, however, have grasses instead of trees. The Louisiana Coastal Wetlands are part of a natural deltaic cycle of construction and deterioration. Countless smaller wetlands formed when large blocks of ice left behind by receding glaciers formed pits and depressions in the land. In other words, how can I make its existence credible to those who know science? The Florida Everglades constitutes a unique marsh–swamp combination growing on a limestone base. The vegetation comprising the wetland is also variable, depending on a range of factors that include surface water flow, altitude, and rainfall. Mangroves will … That source may be the ocean, a lake, a river, or even anaquifer. Swamps are mysterious ecosystems that are difficult to explore due to the often-saturated terrain and frequently changing water levels. What led NASA et al. Tides may cause water flow to stop or reverse direction and the water can be brackish, a mixture of freshwater and seawater.
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