They are hairless and crowded at the ends of branches. The leaves are alternate and carried in clusters at the ends of branches, up to 12.6 inches (32 cm) long and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide, with petioles up to 0.5 inch (1.2 cm) long. Here it runs down the Petiole (leaf stalk) – photo 645). Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Barringtonia macrostachya or locally known as putat is an understorey tree of primary and secondary forest found along rivers and on hills or inundated forest and swampy areas. Bunches of flower buds are hanging down from the branches, flowers with sweet fragrance bloom in the nights of June to August. This dispersal is often tide related. A small or rarely medium-sized tree with large, leathery, glossy green leaves and white or pinkish, powderpuff-like flower s, followed by plum-sized fruits with relatively large, floating seeds. Putat has known medicinal values. See more at How to Grow and Care for a Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica). This species was evaluated with the Predictive Tool and received an intermediate score (1-6). When present there are 4 overlapping petals which are crumpled in the bud and wrinkled at maturity. Central, North, South Moderate Risk/Evaluate. It is found mainly in coastal areas from Kenya to southern Africa and Madagascar through southern Asia to … They thrive in the wild, where their roots dabbling in the brackish waters of lagoons, inlets, estuaries, and seasonally flooded coastal regions. The Fruit is reputed to be poisonous. Barringtonia elongata Korth.. Barringtonia excelsa A.Gray. Nice bright green leaves and pink tinged fluffy white flowers followed by a woody 'fruit'. We ensure offered plants to … Here it tends to have a rounded crown. Seldom produces millable logs. The tree is approximately 4–8 m in height but can grow up to 15 m. Barringtonia edulis is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 15 metres tall. Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are small. Name derivation: Barringtonia named after Daines Barrington (1727-1800) an English lawyer and a leading member of the Royal Society. Seldom produces millable logs. Barringtonia racemosa is the only species of the genus Barringtonia in the RSA. Offered plants are grown under well-equipped conditions that augment their growth. (Feb-Oct). The bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[658. Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually 4-8 m tall, but occasionally reaches 15 m. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. The adults are on the wing year-round. Flowering occur twice a year and flowers have an unpleasant smell (for us). Barringtonia celebesensis R.Knuth. Powderpuff Mangrove, Powder Puff Tree, Fish-killer Tree, Fish-poison Tree, Fish-poison Wood, Sea Poison Tree, Freshwater Mangrove, Small-leaved Barringtonia, China Pine, Putat Kampung, Barringtonia apiculata, Barringtonia caffra, Barringtonia celebesensis, Barringtonia ceramensis, Barringtonia ceylanica, Barringtonia elongata, Barringtonia excelsa, Barringtonia inclyta, Barringtonia lageniformis, Barringtonia longiracemosa, Barringtonia obtusangula, Barringtonia pallida, Barringtonia rosaria, Barringtonia rosata, Barringtonia rumphiana, Barringtonia salomonensis, Barringtonia stravadium, Barringtonia terrestris, Barringtonia timorensis, Butonica alba, Butonica apiculata, Butonica caffra, Butonica ceylanica, Butonica inclyta, Butonica racemosa, Butonica rosata, Butonica rumphiana, Butonica terrestris, Caryophyllus racemosus, Eugenia racemosa, Huttum racemosum, Megadendron ambiguum, Megadendron pallidum, Menichea rosata, Michelia apiculata, Michelia ceylanica, Michelia racemosa, Michelia rosata, Michelia timorensis, Stravadium album, Stravadium obtusangulum, Stravadium racemosum, Family: Lecythidaceae Barringtonia racemosa (L). Year 2006 ISBN Description X. Synonyms Eugenia racemosa L., Species plantarum 1: 471(1753), Type: Ceylon, Herb. Summer solstice. Barringtonia racemosa Known as the Common Putat or Fish-Killer Tree, they can be found in Southern and Eastern Africa, Madagascar, Republic of Seychelles, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, throughout Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands to Northern Australia. Publisher Author. http://www.phytochemicals.info/phytochemicals/saponins.php, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barringtonia_racemosa, http://www.jpsr.pharmainfo.in/Documents/Volumes/vol7Issue04/jpsr07041503.pdf, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/barringrac.htm, http://pza.sanbi.org/barringtonia-racemosa, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/search?q=Barringtonia+racemosa&_csv=on, Your email address will not be published. Barringtonia neo-caledonica is a small ornamental tree or shrub originally from New Caledonia where it grows in damp areas. Below the leaves, young stems have crowded lenticels (a usually raised corky oval or elongated area on the plant that allows the uncontrolled interchange of gases with the environment). Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). Tree. The bisexual and 4-merous Flowers are actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. The branches are marked with leaf scars. Stamens are usually double the number petals and may be unequal in length. Washed up on beach. The Anthers have 2-theca (2 pollen sacs), are basifixed and open through longitudinal slits. Common names: (A) Guava, Poeierkwasboom, (E) Powder-puff Tree, Brackwater Mangrove, Wild Guava, Horse Chestnut, (Z) Umululuka. It has good tolerance to salt, wind, tidal flooding, and coral derived limestone soils. The species is widespread, from China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatera, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi to the Moluccas. Prices and download plans . Cause et al. In South Africa, the tree seldom grows above 9m high. This is a protected tree in the RSA. We are counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia Racemosa to our esteemed clients. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. The fruit is ellipsoid, green, 8 cm long, and turns red upon maturity. The Barringtonia racemosa (powder-puff tree) flowers by the river bank are in full bloom. Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis). All rights reserved. Seeds and cuttings are suitable for propagation. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Accessed on 2020/11/20. Derbyshire-Pine, Fish-Poison-Tree, Freshwater Mangrove, Hippo Apple, Mango-Pine, Mangobark, Powder-Puff Tree, Wild Guava) Completed: October 2012 . (1989). Flowers are large with numerous pinkish stamens. It has large, shiny, dark green leaves with long, pendulous flower stems. Flowers occur in racemes and are bisexual and regular. Lateral veins are spaced far apart (photo 643). The large flowers are up to 3,5cm wide and occur in pendulous racemes (simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers) that are up to 1m long. It is an ideal tree for planting in groups near lakes and tanks. Wood specific gravity 0.54. The usually reduced Stipules may appear as small hairs. The flowers are produced on hanging racemes up to 3.3 feet (1 m) long. And Barringtonia acutangula trees have red flowers. It performs best on free-draining sand and loam soils of a slightly acid to alkaline nature, generally with a pH of 6.0 to 8.5 and on sites with full sun exposure. The branches are marked with leaf scars. Common Names. 01290187 Nick Garbutt / RF- Germinating seed / seedling of Barringtonia sp. Will grow to 10m. Eden Project, Cornwall, England, UK, July. All are woody plants with fibrous bark, which may be flaky. The large (up to 42 x 16cm – usually smaller) attractive, alternatively arranged Leaves are simple (have a single blade which may have incisions that are not deep enough to divide the leaf into leaflets). Sea Poison Tree grows best in a fertile, humid, well-drained soil. Evergreen tree, medium size. in Kenya. Cây Barringtonia racemosa có hoa trắng hay hồng, còn Barringtonia acutangula có hoa đỏ. Title Food Plants of Papua New Guinea Publication Author French. The Corolla has 4, pink tinged, white Petals. Fruit is usually a dehiscent capsule, with a persistent calyx. Cause et al. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the settlement in the Philippines, see Putat, Cebu. • Antiherpes Simplex Virus / Leaves: Study of aqueous extract of Barringtonia racemosa leaves produced strong indication of antiviral effect against herpes simplex virus type 1 in vitro. The bases of the Filaments are united. Barringtonia racemosahas a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually up to 26 feet (8 m tall), but occasionally reaches 50 feet (15 m). ( 25 ) Barringtonia racemosa trees have white or pink flowers. The large, shiny Fruits are quadrangular drupes (fleshy, 1-seeded indehiscent fruits with the seed enclosed in a stony endocarp; stone fruit e.g. New plants are usually grown from seed. Family Lecythidaceae: (Brazil Nut Bertholletia excelsa family). Description: Barringtonia racemosa (L.) K. Spreng is a small tree with large, simple leaves about 20 cm long. Occurring always near water: along riverbanks and in freshwater swamps, and occasionally in the less This small tree likes damp costal swamps, but is also cultivated as ornamental for its long, hanging strands of pink or white flowers which are comprised in numerous filaments. Barringtonia neo-caledonica can make a nice specimen tree. Young leaves are edible. This wood is not of much use. Plants can tolerate wet and dry conditions but are extremely frost sensitive. Larvae of the Red-tab Policeman butterfly Coeliades keithloa feed on the leaves. Vietnamese named : Cây mưng, Lộc vừng hoa chùm, Chiếc chùm, Tam lang. Share. Genus: Barringtonia, Color: White and pink The usually superior ovary has a simple style. He also believed that swallows went to sleep underwater during winter! Pneumatophores (an aerial root specialized for gaseous exchange found in mangroves and other swamp plants) may develop in a saline environment. Botanical Name: Barringtonia racemosa. This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to KwaZulu-Natal and W. Pacific. & L.M.Perry Location areas include coastal shoreline in KwaZulu-Natal, eastern Mozambique as well as Madagascar (here they may occur in dense forests) and further east to India, the East Indies and the western Pacific. Barringtonia acutangula is a species of Barringtonia native to coastal wetlands in southern Asia and northern Australasia, from Afghanistan east to the Philippines and Queensland.Common names include freshwater mangrove, itchytree and mango-pine. Barringtonia caffra (Miers) E.Mey. The Apex is broadly tapering (photo 647). The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. Nectar seeking ants visit the flowers. Produces a useful general purpose timber. Here the Branches of this tree occur high up the Trunk. Barringtonia racemosa Lecythidaceae (L.) Spreng ECOLOGY B. racemosa, which is considered a mangrove associate, can also be found in tropical rainforest areas, open lowlands and thickets. The large numbers of protruding white Stamens are in many rows. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Roxb. Leaves are simple and usually opposite. Barringtonia asiatica is a common plant in the Malaysian Mangroves and wetlands such as the Kuching wetlands and Bako National Park. The Margin is entire (with a continuous margin, not in any way indented). A handsome glabrous tree, with dark, glossy, entire, wedge-shaped, oblong, obtuse, coriaceous leaves, and conspicuous flowers having 4 white petals and a dense fruit in the form of a 4-sided pyramid, about 3 inches across the middle, consisting when dry of a hard, smooth case containing solid fibrous matter and 1 … Barringtonia asiatica is known locally as Putat laut or Butun. which is also known as putat, fish poison tree or powder puff tree is a type of highly valuable plant species due to its medicinal values. Barringtonia inclyta Miers ex B.D.Jacks.. Barringtonia insignis Miq.. Barringtonia lageniformis Merr. Cribb (1981). Barringtonia asiatica 3 Seeds, Fish Poison Tree, Sea Poison Tree, Rare, Putat, Dried For Planting, Decorate. USDA hardiness zone 10b to 11b: from 35 °F (+1.7 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C). The calyx is a leathery tube. Offered plants are grown under well-equipped conditions that augment their growth. Barringtonia ceramensis R.Knuth. The midribs are prominent on the lower side of the leaf, and the branching veins are visible on both sides. Large, leathery, obovate simple Leaves are entire. Powder Puff Tree scientifically known as Barringtonia racemosa is actually a small tree in the family Lecythidaceae (Brazil-nut family) native to coastal areas of eastern Africa from Somalia to South Africa, through Madagascar and other Indian Ocean islands to tropical south Asia, southeast Asia, southern China, the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, northern Australia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Prefers a position in full sun or light shade. These Plants require humid environments, close to coastal rivers, estuaries, in swamp forests and tidal rivers. Adrian Davies / Powder-puff tree (Barringtonia racemosa) fallen flowers on ground underneath tree. Assessed: 2016 (L. von Staden). The bark also contains tannin. These fleshy drupes are up to 7 x 4cm. This is used as a fish poison. racemosa – flowers are in long racemes (simple elongated inflorescences with stalked flowers). 7.01 Propagules likely to be dispersed unintentionally (plants growing in heavily ... Agroforestree Database:a . Geographically found to be widely distributed from eastern Africa and Madagascar to It is a small or medium-sized, straggling tree up to 27 m tall. Barringtonia ceylanica (Miers) Gardner ex C.B.Clarke. In the open, isolated tree may be spreading and rounded – with a shorter thicker trunk. Tassel after tassel, their pale pink stamens tremble in the wind. The buds are pinkish-red and split open to bring forth masses of delicate stamens in white sprays up to 1.4 inches (3.5 cm) wide, which are often tinged with pink. The branches are marked with leaf scars. Your email address will not be published. Fruit has a low density due to its fibrous content and is buoyant. The tree is evergreen or briefly deciduous. Its greyish brown (photo 853) or yellowish, mottled or pink and has raised lines or dots. Barringtonia racemosa is the only species of the genus Barringtonia in the RSA. Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to Small Tree. Description: A lovely tree found on the edges of swampy areas. The Base is narrowly tapering and may be decurrent (leaf blades that partly wrap or have wings around the stem or petiole – photo 645). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Tree with its smooth bark may reach 20m high – often in mangroves. Older flowers lack both petals and stamens. They protrude below where they are distinctly visible (photo 644). Leaves are more or less obovate (the reverse of ovate, the terminal half is broader at the apical end). We are counted among the well-established firms providing Barringtonia Racemosa to our esteemed clients. Barringtonia racemosa. They hang on long stalks, are conical to ovate and each contains a single seed. Produces a useful general purpose timber. Cribb (1981). The flowers may be bat Pollinated. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Roxb.. SYNONYM(S) : Eugenia racemosa L., Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Blume ex DC., , Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. In South Africa, the tree seldom grows above 9m high. This is a most impressive shade tree. (1989). The Blade is thick and leathery. Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng is a tropical plant that belongs to the family Lecythidaceae.The tree grows wildly along fresh water swamps, lakes, riverbanks, shores of backwaters and the banks of paddy fields. Fruit a quadrangular drupe containing 1 fibrous, water dispersed Seed. The initially light green leaves, become dull dark green above and lighter below. The single Seeds are thus easily dispersed by water. The seeds of this tree are poisonous, and have been used in some cases to treat intestinal worms. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Required fields are marked *. The petiole is relatively short – up to 1,5cm long and may be deep red or purple (photo 645). They are initially fleshy but become hard, fibrous, and crowned with a persistent Calyx and Style. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 263 (1949). B.R. They open early in the evening, bloom through the night and fall in the morning: like those of the baobab (Adansonia digitata). The outer integument of the Seeds has many layers. Bloom Time: Flowering occurs year-round. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. The Salty water is more dense then fresh water and this aids the seed dispersion process along the coast. Their white sprays are up to 3,5cm wide. Assessed: 2016 (L. von Staden). Barringtonia racemosa has a straight, unbranched stem that leads to a rounded crown and is usually up to 26 feet (8 m) tall, but occasionally reaches 50 feet (15 m). Termites and borers attack the light, soft, dry Wood. Barringtonia apiculata (Miers) R.Knuth. Common Name(s): Powderpuff tree. The paste made Bark, wood, roots and seeds contain the glucosides like Saponin (glycoside which foams when added to water – they aid in reducing ammonia levels in animal urine and thus help prevent respiratory tract problems). It is found in coastal swamp forests and on the edges of estuaries in the Indian Ocean, starting at the east coast of Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, southern China, northern Australia, coastal Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, and many Polynesian islands. Barringtonia racemosa (powder-puff tree, Afrikaans: pooeierkwasboom, Zulu: Iboqo, Malay: Putat) is a tree in the family Lecythidaceae. ... J.P.M. Barringtonia, Brack-Water Mangrove, Freshwater Mangrove, Fish-Poison Tree Synonyms. It may be slightly scalloped or finely toothed – here a hand lens will help (photo 646). Tree. Ants are attracted to the flower nectar. The midribs are prominent on the lower side of the leaf … Grows naturally in moderately humid to humid tropical coastal climates, generally in areas with annual lows of 68 to 77 °F (20 to 25 °C), yearly highs of 81 to 93 °F (27 to 34 °C), annual rainfall of 1000 to 4000 mm and a dry season of 6 months or less. The Calyx has 2-4 lobed Sepals that are leathery and joined at the base. The bark is greyish brown to pink with white blotches and raised dots and lines. peach). No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. T010302Barringtonia Asiatica (Putat Laut) The Bark also and has insecticidal properties and is used for rope making e.g. Plants flower in autumn. The scent of the Barringtonia racemosa is fragrant and strong, attracting bees and butterflies hungry for nectar. Set against the clear blue sky, they exude a southern charm. These stamens are distinctive exserted and powder-puff like. Wood specific gravity 0.54. Barringtonia racemosa fruits Barringtonia racemosa tree. Large, whitish, bisexual, evening opening, actinomorphic 4-merous Flowers in racemes. von Staden, L. 2016. Barringtonia is a tree 5-8 m tall with rough fissured dark grey bark. In dim dark swamp forests, this Tree may be slender and reach a height of 10 to 15m. Sign in Sign up for FREE Prices and download plans Foliage Its alternate, shortly-stalked to stalkless leaves possess thinly leathery leaf blades that are green, drop-shaped-oblong to narrowly drop-shaped, 5–42 by 2–16 cm, slightly toothed at the margins, with short tips and yellow veins. Barringtonia racemosa (Powderpuff Mangrove), How to Grow and Care for a Sea Poison Tree (Barringtonia asiatica), Fritillaria imperialis 'Aurora' (Crown Imperial), Fritillaria pyrenaica (Pyrenean Fritillary). The leaves are alternate and carried in clusters at the ends of branches, up to 12.6 inches (32 cm) long and up to 6 inches (15 cm) wide, with petioles up to 0.5 inches (1.2 cm) long. [1,2] There are about 22 genera and in excess of 250 species in this family. It is an ideal tree for planting in groups near lakes and tanks. ex R.Knuth. Barringtonia asiatica (fish poison tree, putat or sea poison tree) is a species of Barringtonia native to mangrove habitats from islands of the Indian Ocean in the west to tropical Asia … Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Categories: Trees. Young branches bear leaf scars. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). Ideal for coastal gardens … The smooth Bark may be slightly fissured. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant and very tolerant of saline conditions and salt-laden winds. (Science is largely dependent on what we know at the moment and descriptions change when more knowledge is acquired). In dim dark swamp forests, this Tree may be slender and reach a height of 10 to 15m. The seeds of this tree are poisonous, and have been used in some cases to treat intestinal worms. The Midrib and lateral veins are sunken above but still clearly visible. The Ovate (shape of an egg) Buds are large, pinkish red and shiny.