Glycolic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) derived from sugar cane. It is made of non-comedogenic mineral oil as its base but is then fortified with nourishing oils from jojoba and squalane. I haven't used Drunk Elephant yet, but they are a top seller in Sephora. It has both Glycolic acid (12%) and Salicylic acid (1%), plus antioxidants so you have all bases covered in terms of smoothing skin texture. "Glycolic acid is a powerful ingredient and should be introduced into skincare routines slowly," says Wilson. Its exfoliating properties make it a popular ingredient in products aimed to improve skin's tone and texture., According to Heather Wilson, licensed esthetician and director of brand development at InstaNatural, "Glycolic acid is an incredibly effective ingredient for reducing and clearing blackheads because it is an alpha hydroxy acid with a smaller molecule, which means it can penetrate deeper into the pores to dissolve excess dirt, sebum, and pore-clogging skin cells. It can be used up to twice per day, after cleansing and before moisturizing. Find it through Dermstore! 3. In the 12% concentration, there's almost every acid imaginable, including glycolic, lactic, tartaric, citric, and salicylic acids. Blackheads tend to appear on oilier parts of the skin, with the nose being the most common. They are made with Aveda’s pure-fume fragrance blend, which has a gorgeous scent and mild antibacterial properties to prevent those blackheads from turning into pimples. Framboos Glycolic Resurfacing Night Serum. Don’t massage for longer than 5 minutes, as an overly long or aggressive massage will damage your skin. Apply your salicylic acid treatment, and wait 10-20 minutes for it to penetrate into the skin and do its work. I personally love the InstaNatural Glycolic Peel ($24), because it only requires 30 to 60 seconds of my time and is gentle enough to be used alongside the InstaNatural Glycolic Acid Serum ($24).". Drunk Elephant T.L.C. It is perfect for a double cleanse ritual, and is especially useful in a pore-decongesting massage. • Misshapen hair follicles with damaged lining are going to become clogged more easily. This gentle cleanser is perfect for daily use. Only then, after ensuring your skin tolerates the ingredient, should you increase the frequency of use. For truly severe or persistent blackheads, an aesthetician will not be enough, and you will want to see a dermatologist instead. There are some additional factors that will increase your chances of developing blackheads. We've been using them for years; this product is kind of a classic in our skincare collections. It has some surfactants in it, so it will easily come off with water. Once the time has passed, rinse off your masks completely with cool water. Purchase it at Nordstrom! ", "Glycolic acid (and salicylic acid) are my favorite, gentle way to loosen up the outer dead skin cell layer that clogs up pores," says Jennifer MacGregor, MD, a board certified dermatologist at Union Square Laser Dermatology. 27 Best Blackhead Removal Products to Get Clear Skin. Plus, the very best salicylic acid products. Get it at Nordstrom! Purchase it at Sephora! Molecules. This unique foaming mask is definitely worth trying if the regular solutions like clay masks and salicylic acid just don’t seem to work. 2) Next, I … It is always better to rely on proven skincare ingredients and methods. Before I get into all the specifics of how to remove blackheads, it’s important to note that prevention is much easier! Order it from Dermstore! This blackhead removal method was devised by Asian-beauty blogger Jude Chao of Fifty Shades of Snail in 2015 and ended up taking the skincare community by storm. It does a better job at brightening my complexion than removing blackheads or fighting pimples. Drunk Elephant's T.L.C. Gentle peels like Drunk Elephant T.L.C. It has a 2% concentration of salicylic acid, as well as a 25% concentration of an AHA blend. Throw it into the mix with, say, an AHA (like one of our favorites, Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Even the gentlest blackhead removal massage or extractions session can be harmful if your hands, tools, and skin aren’t cleaned before you start. Sulfur is keratolytic and anti-fungal, so it’ll help clear up your pores even if you’re dealing with fungal acne. People were posting photos of the gunk that came out of their skin and giving their own tips and variations on the technique. 10. 2018;23(4):863. doi:10.3390/molecules23040863, Sharad J. Glycolic acid peel therapy - a current review. I’ve heard great things about Drunk Elephant‘s products and how they don’t contain the “Suspicious Six” — essential oils, drying alcohols, silicones, chemical sunscreens, fragrances and dyes and sulfates. The Ordinary Vitamin C Suspension 23% + HA Spheres 2%. Drunk Elephant's T.L.C. Sukari Babyfacial has won numerous awards, and once you use it it's incredibly easy to see why. Sukari Babyfacial has won … Gentle peels like Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Like the term blackheads, SFs also refers to plugs of sebum and keratin, but fairly minor ones that don’t have time to become oxidized and are usually not visible unless one were to come up really close. This intensive serum uses 12 percent AHA and … When you do use the extractor, don’t dig it into your skin. Be aware that most resurfacing and exfoliating skincare ingredients will make your skin more sensitive to sun exposure, so using a sunscreen in the morning is a must! Even though it certainly has a steep price tag, customers seem to love it. Make sure to choose an aesthetician that gets incredibly good reviews online and that has a proven track record for working with people suffering from blackheads and acne. Ask a Dermatologist: How Do I Get Rid of Blackheads On My Nose? Finish things off with the rest of your routine, making sure to give your skin a lot of moisture to counteract the drying effects of the clay mask. Despite the brand’s recommendation, we think this scrub should only be used a few times a week unless you have extremely hearty skin. This is another exceptional clay mask for deep cleaning the skin and removing blackheads. However, they can show up anywhere where we have hair follicles. An untrained or irresponsible aesthetician can end up being too aggressive with your skin or might not have sufficiently high standards of hygiene. • Health conditions related to hormone production can definitely increase your chances of blackheads as well as of other types of blemishes. gel uses an AHA/BHA mix to slough off dead skin, clear blackheads, and smooth skin. $90, Sephora.com . More specifically, Drunk Elephant’s T.L.C. To really tackle a problem, it’s important to understand it, so I explain what blackheads are and what causes them in the first place. Konjac sponges were all the rage for a hot minute, and then it seems like everyone forgot about them. Your routine should consist of the following steps: You should be cleansing your skin every evening in order to remove any build-up of oil that might get into the pores and cause blackheads. Get it at Ulta! Kaitlyn McClintock contributed to Byrdie for over two years, most recently covering beauty news for the brand. Resist the urge to go longer or apply more pressure, even if some pores remain clogged. Like salicylic acid, this The Ordinary treatment is also keratolytic so it helps to dislodge and exfoliate dead skin build-up. There are many excellent chemical exfoliants (I’ve covered most of them fairly extensively), but salicylic acid is by far the best one for blackheads because it can penetrate layers of oil and exfoliate within the pore. Drunk Elephant is hands down one of the best skincare brands overall. Experiencing sensitivity or redness may be an indication that you should reduce the concentration of glycolic acid (Note: 10% should be the maximum for at-home glycolic treatments) and the frequency of application. Sukari Babyfacial, a powerful acid, my heart skipped many beats. Oh, blackheads. 5. I've gotten samples of both, and they seem effective. Take it from Wilson, who says, "Glycolic acid can make your skin more sensitive to the sun so it is recommended to use glycolic acid products only at night, follow with an SPF 30 during the day, and discontinue its use 24 to 48 hours before spending an extended amount of time in the sun." Sukari BabyFacial, $80. • Those with oily skin are more prone to blackheads because it becomes harder for the pore to expel the oils. It makes the skin incredibly soft and moisturized and is very easy to rinse off with water. After doing some research on what AHA and BHA would do to my skin, I’ve decided to get my hands on the brand’s cult-favorite T.L.C. Today I want to help you learn how to get rid of blackheads, and not just in the short term. The tool presses on the skin, creating pressure and forcing the build-up to come out of the pore. You can use damp cotton pads or a microfiber cloth to make sure all residue is gone. Here's What Estheticians Really Think of Charcoal Peel-Off Masks, If You've Got Blocked Pores, Blackheads or Acne Then This Is the Facial For You, The 10 Blackhead Treatments Dermatologists Use on Themselves, Clogged Pores? • A skincare routine that lacks exfoliation or cleansing might mean there is more debris on the skin and may increase your chances of developing blackheads. If you’re not a professional, you might find yourself using too much pressure with the extractor and damaging your skin. You can experiment and see what works for you. It contains just a touch of red clay to absorb impurities, but otherwise, the formula is quite gentle as it is free of harsh surfactants. No matter your skin type, you should always stick to gentle, non-drying, sulfate-free, low-pH cleansers. This exceptional chemical exfoliant gel combines 2% salicylic acid with 10% glycolic acid to remove dead skin very thoroughly. The input of a medical professional is invaluable, even if it’s not as luxurious as going in for a facial. It is made with a blend of kaolin clay and diatomaceous earth to soak up impurities, and a touch of salicylic acid to promote skin renewal and to exfoliate within the pore. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum, $90, HERE! This is like the skin-care equivalent of a big … “I struggle with extreme greasy skin, year round, but not with this product,” shared one customer. facial oil) and dead skin cells (which have some melanin in them). Drunk Elephant sephora.com. (In contrast, abrasive pastes scrape at the skin, cause irritation and don’t do much to truly dissolve the keratin and dead cells. The Microfoliant is gentle enough to not irritate the skin, and the occasional scrubbing can definitely help prevent blackheads. Hair follicles can become clogged up with sebum and keratin for no particular reason, and they are usually not a sign of poor hygiene. Drunk Elephant. Hey guys! For people with sensitive skin, traditional exfoliating pads can sometimes prove too irritating, which is why many people opt for a glycolic acid moisturizer instead. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum) or anything with acne-fighting … Drunk Elephant TLC Sukari Babyfacial Mask Best BHA mask. I’ve outlined all of the best ways to remove blackheads, along with the ideal skin care products for blackhead prevention. To start, make sure your skin is totally clean and free of oils by cleansing with a gentle foaming cleanser. Drunk Elephant T.L.C. It gives your skin a more youthful appearance, even if your skin is sensitive. Credit: Drunk Elephant. 9 Jelly Cleanser, rubbing the product onto my face in circular motions until it's nice and foamy. It is made with kaolin clay, which is super absorbent and able to pull impurities from the pores. Drunk Elephant Beste No.9 Jelly Cleanser This natural jelly-to-foam face wash promises to gently rid the skin of excess oils, makeup, and all other dirt and grime from the day. The AHA blend includes glycolic, tartaric, lactic, and citric acid. Telling the Difference Between Blackheads, Sebaceous Filaments, and Other Common Skin Issues, How to Get Rid of Blackheads: Blackhead Removal Methods, Blackhead Removal Dos & Don’ts to Keep Pores Clean, Spring/ Summer 2021 Hair Accessory Trends, 27 Best Body Washes & Shower Gels for Every Skin Type, 31 Best Skin-Care Products for Every Skin Type & Concern, 13 Best Collagen Masks for More Youthful Skin, 17 Best Sleep Sprays & Mists to Help You Relax and Drift off, 23 Best Body Mists & Sprays for Women to Smell Heavenly, Collagen for Skin: 17 Best Collagen Creams & Tips for Using Them, Toner, serum, peel, or pads with salicylic acid, The serums and moisturizers that make up the rest of your skincare routine. Purchase it from Ulta! Acne. 5 Fl Oz. (According to WWD, Drunk Elephant is one of the fastest growing skincare companies Sephora has ever seen. Drunk Elephant's T.L.C. It is made with betaine salicylate, a gentle form of salicylic acid, as well as soothing willow bark extract and oil-regulating and antioxidant niacinamide. It is best for oily skin. Now is the time to apply a bit of pressure. Don’t let the cutesy packaging fool you–Drunk Elephant is serious when it comes to skincare. Plus, they're so effective at exfoliating, we can see a visible difference in the way our makeup applies the next day. It is sulfate-free with a low pH, so it won’t dry out the skin but it’ll remove all that extra sebum build-up. They feel tingly and refreshing. 4.7 out of 5 stars 1,000. It is made with gentle yet clarifying kaolin clay, which helps absorb impurities from the skin. It looks smoother and more refined. This scrub is a little intense, but it works. In this mask formula, it’s combined with kaolin clay and soothing willow bark extract. It contains fruit enzymes, which may add to skin exfoliation and softness, but more importantly, it is mild and refreshing, so it’s ideal for all skin types. I personally tried Tatcha this summer when my skin was dried out from the sun and have never felt more invigorated. It is available at Sephora. It has over 200,000 "loves" on Sephora's website, along with glowing reviews. Regular exfoliation can help free them up, and tweezing will remove them as they can look dark even when not trapped. Whether or not you buy into the Drunk Elephant hype, there's something to be said for treating your skin-care routine as an important act of self-care. It will work for all skin types. Pick it up at Ulta! Evens skin tone and texture: Thanks to its exfoliating properties, glycolic acid removes excess oil and debris, which leads to smoother, more even skin. This gentle cleanser has a touch of salicylic acid, as well as antibacterial tea tree oil. The clog then gets oxidized, which is why it turns black or dark brown. I explain the difference between blackheads and sebaceous filaments, as well as other little blemishes that might add to the confusion. Answering the prayers of many a Drunk Elephant devotee, this super-charged, silicone-free formulation features 1% retinol (it's potent! It is a non-sticky formulation with a soft consistency that gives your skin a nice touch. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum is hard to beat. This cooling mask gives a deep cleaning to the pores without dehydrating the skin. Pick it up from Sephora! Blackheads usually don’t have much to do with dirt, as they are caused by things that our skin naturally produces. • Keep things clean! [Acne] New Drunk Elephant routine perfect EXCEPT for blackheads. They offer extractions regularly, so they know when to stop and exactly how much pressure to use. I'm having a hard time trying to decide between Sunday Riley Good Genes and Drunk Elephant TLC night serum! It has a 2% concentration of salicylic acid, as well as a 25% concentration of an AHA blend. Those with sensitive skin are not recommended to use glycolic acid; instead, opt for a gentler alternative like lactic acid.. 4. Though I have a heavy preference for chemical exfoliants, the occasional physical scrub can give an instant smoothing response that is hard to resist. Chemical peels use a high percentage of this acid, and it can be very effective if done safely and properly. By Renee Cherry @reneejcherry. 1. It may be surprising, but a cleansing oil is one of the best ways to get rid of blackheads. The brand was created by founder Tiffany Masterson through a search for handpicked, non-toxic ingredients they dub as “clean-clinical.” You’ll find things like AHA/BHA acids, as … We use cookies to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. 6. While the price point is a bit high, I do find the trade off to be worth it for the sheer number of beneficial ingredients in each product. Some products have worked wonders (like select retinol serums and an under-the-radar Detoxifying Silt Gelee Mask, $60), while others have left much to be desired. As far as specific glycolic acid products go, Wilson recommends this InstaNatural serum, which is combined with vitamin C and hyaluronic acid to provide antioxidants and hydration. Longtime acne sufferer (35/f) who has been unable to move away from Benzoyl Peroxide for years. What Are Blackheads and Where Do They Appear? Image Credit: Drunk Elephant Drunk Elephant T.L.C Sukari Babyfacial Pros & Cons: Here are some main pros and cons to bear in mind prior to purchase: Pros. An NYC Dermatologist Recommends This 4-Step Routine, Byrdie uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This gorgeous overnight treatment from Drunk Elephant is a chemical exfoliant that sloughs away dead skin cells and unclogs the pores, to ensure blackhead removal over time. Hi all! They can be treated with a gentle, non-comedogenic skincare routine and regular exfoliation. The stratum corneum, as a whole, plumps up and pores become a little tighter. Though it’s technically not an exfoliant, adapalene still helps unclog pores, with many people finding that it helps get rid of blackheads as well as treat and prevent acne breakouts. After doing some research on what AHA and BHA would do to my skin, I’ve decided to get my hands on the brand’s cult-favorite T.L.C. However, the other benefit is that it is wonderful for bringing down redness and preventing the spread of acne bacteria. Drunk Elephant has a smaller dose, so it works more slowly. I now have blackheads. It seems like no matter how diligent we think we're being with our skincare routine, there are always a few rogue blackheads that refuse to leave our pores, littering the skin across our nose, chin, or forehead. $32.00 $ 32. This gorgeous overnight treatment from Drunk Elephant is a chemical exfoliant that sloughs away dead skin cells and unclogs the pores, to ensure blackhead removal over time. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. Despite the name, I suggest you only use it a few times a week at most. This is why you will find that blackheads and pimples show up in the same spot over and over again. It is best for those with oily and combination skin and can work alone or as a second cleanser. These salicylic acid pads provide the exfoliation your skin needs for long-term blackhead removal. 1) I wash my face with warm (not hot) water and Drunk Elephant's Beste No. Still, it manages to be one of … Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Retinoids, though technically not exfoliants, can also help prevent the build-up of dead skin, and anecdotally they seem to have a wonderful effect of keeping the pores clear. It will unveil clear skin, even tone, reduce dark spots, and even do a number on signs of aging. ... hardened blackheads, the list goes on. Drunk Elephant recommends avoiding silicones, essential oils, SLS, chemical screens, drying alcohols, and fragrance when using their products. 8. Drunk Elephant’s TLC Sukari Babyfacial is a potent treatment that removes dead skin cells, unclogs pores, and refines the skin’s tone and texture through chemical exfoliation. They can stretch out the pores and lead to them looking permanently enlarged. • Our genetics might determine the propensity of our pores to become clogged, while hormones can impact how our skin produces oils, with androgens being notorious for increasing oil production in the skin. Drunk Elephant has a unique philosophy in that it doesn’t believe in skin types, rather skin concerns. It is also a little bit soothing, with oat flour and aloe preventing irritation. Throw it into the mix with, say, an AHA (like one of our favorites, Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Rich in antioxidants, essential oils and botanicals, just to name a few… The other benefit is that this retinoid has anti-aging properties, and is able to support long-term collagen production in the skin. It is made with superstar ingredient salicylic acid, of course, to help keep the pores clear long-term. Sukari Babyfacial is good for you! Shop Drunk Elephant’s T.L.C. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum and Virgin Marula Luxury Facial Oil - 8 Milliliters Each 4.4 out … 1. Find it online through Net-a-Porter! They look like small pustules, but without any redness, inflammation, or pain. We use them after we cleanse our faces and before we apply moisturizers and serums. Find out if the Drunk Elephant T.L.C. $28.00 SHOP NOW. This method can become part of your masking routine once a week or just every once in a while when you feel like it’s necessary, and the products in it can all be part of your regular skincare routine. They just sit there, taunting us while we wait for our pore-extracting face mask to work its magic. Drunk Elephant T.L.C. About Lala Retro. Amazon's Vassoul blackhead-removing mask has more than 3,000 five-star reviews, but does it really work? I never break out and have reactions but this is on another level My whole fave is … You definitely wouldn’t need to see a professional for sebaceous filaments. Blackheads happen when oil in the pores of the skin is exposed to air and oxidized, resulting in a darkened appearance. 8Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Beauty editors, beauty bloggers, and pretty much anyone tangentially involved in the beauty industry have been obsessing over this newcomer brand since it launched three years ago. To finish things off, I added some must-know facts about safe blackhead removal. Retinoids are exceptional blackhead removers because they help increase and regulate cell turnover. This 0.5 formula is effective but not overly drying and contains a soothing complex with bisabolol to prevent irritation. While the price point is a bit high, I do find the trade off to be worth it for the sheer number of beneficial ingredients in each product. You can use it on a weekly basis, especially if you have combination or dry skin. I am a dermatologist and skin care enthusiast with a passion for skin care and a healthy lifestyle. They pack scientifically proven skincare ingredients into each of their products. It is important to only use an extractor when the skin is clean, and to make sure to sanitize the extractor with an alcohol soak before using it. Framboos Glycolic Resurfacing Night Serum. 4.7 out of 5 stars 1,000. A dermatologist weighs in on why you should treat acne, blackheads, whiteheads, and excess oil with salicylic acid. By Renee Cherry @reneejcherry. You can attempt extractions after masking the skin and before moisturizing it. It is only once a clogged pore becomes inflamed because of the acne bacteria that the term pimple applies. Drunk Elephant TLC Sukari Babyfacial Mask Best BHA mask. This is one of the best daily-use cleansers for blackhead prevention. https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/glowsly-logo-new.png, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/blackhead_removal_methods_how_to_get_rid_of_blackheads.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/spring-summer-2021-nails-art-manicure-trends-runway.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/spring-summer-2021-hair-accessories-runway.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/best-body-washes-shower-gels-body-cleansers.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/best-skin-care-products-of-all-time.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/best-collagen-face-masks.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/best-sleep-sprays-pillow-sprays-mists.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/best-body-mists-body-sprays-for-women.jpg, https://cdn.glowsly.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/best-collagen-creams-for-every-skin-type.jpg. This simple, gentle cleansing oil is made with non-comedogenic mineral oil and hydrating glycerin. Purchase it from Sephora! Drunk Elephant Juju Bar is an exfoliating facial cleansing bar. Apply the clay-based mask to your skin (yes, over the salicylic acid), and let it sit on your skin for as long as the mask directions say. Order it from Net-a-Porter! Drunk Elephant Glycolic Night Serum Reviews . Buy it online from Dermstore! Another condition worth noting is trichostasis spinulosa, which is often mistaken for blackheads. Fights signs of aging: Glycolic acid triggers collagen production, which in turn, reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. We like to use these peel pads from Cane + Austin, which have 30% glycolic acid (plus a bevy of other safe-for-skin acids) to slough away dead skin, oil, and pore-clogging debris. gel uses an AHA/BHA mix to slough off dead skin, clear blackheads, and smooth skin. I stopped the drunk elephant products and Sephora for awhile and use the drunk elephant the past so days and I have a million white heads all around my face and bumps, and it’s itchy and burning. The acne bacteria are usually present in the mixture of sebum and dead skin that make up a blackhead, but the open comedone itself doesn’t become inflamed. Drunk Elephant … This method helps get rid of blackheads as well as prominent sebaceous filaments, and it also temporarily tightens the pores. )", According to MacGregor, "If you use mild glycolics at home and follow it with a plumping moisturizer, you will notice an amazing, smooth glow to the skin. For the sake of research, I had my friend buy one for me while she was in the US some months back. TLC Sukari Baby Facial. Even though … "Products with beta-hydroxy acids such as salicylic acid can help to exfoliate. I have never heard of Drunk Elephant before, but surely, if it's such a best-seller, it's worth trying out? • Stress and diet may also come into play. They pack scientifically proven skincare ingredients into each of their products. I personally tried Tatcha this summer when my skin was dried out from the sun and have never felt more invigorated. It’s a 25% AHA and 2% BHA blend, which means it could damage the skin if used incorrectly. "For those new to glycolic acid, start with a gentle product, such as the InstaNatural Glycolic Acid Serum ($24) or Glycolic Acid Cream ($22), every other day for one to two weeks." The formula as a whole is gentle and soothing, with raspberry extract and hyaluronic acid to nourish the skin. Framboos™ Glycolic Night Serum Taken directly from Drunk Elephant’s website- “This is a 12% AHA/BHA serum for night that helps refine and resurface skin to reveal a smoother and more radiant looking complexion. Sebaceous filaments are a fairly normal part of how the skin functions, especially if you have combination or oily skin, but they can become blackheads if you don’t practice a blackhead preventing skincare routine. Courtesy of Drunk Elephant. Lala Retro Whipped Cream is an anti-aging moisturizing cream produced for people with a dry skin type. It contains both kaolin and bentonite clays, as well as charcoal, which is like vacuum cleaner of skincare ingredients. It leaves your skin baby smooth, but isn't abrasive enough to cause burns. Shop it! Drunk Elephant C-Firma™ Day Serum What is it : A super-potent vitamin C day serum packed with a powerful antioxidant complex, essential nutrients, fruit enzymes, and a chronopeptide that mimics the antioxidant benefits of vitamin D, all working together to firm and brighten the appearance of skin, while improving the signs of photoaging. This includes 12% glycolic acid, which dissolves dead skin cells, lactic, tartaric, citric along with a salicylic acid that unclogs oil. Glycolic acid works to reduce pore size by reaching deep into pores and exfoliating.