Journal of Apicultural Research, 12(3):187-190. The pathogen Xylella fastidiosa, is also reported on the species (Janse and Obradovic, 2010). Ampelopsis, commonly known as peppervine or porcelainberry, is a genus of climbing shrubs, in the grape family Vitaceae.The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: ἅμπελος (ampelos), which means "vine". Mowing is not recommended as it can spread the vine fragments (Hall, 1984).Chemical control. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Plant communities in Jackson County, Illinois. Seeds are reported to be dispersed by birds and mammals (Titus, 1991; Kimbrough, 2008). Amur peppervine is also known as porcelain-berry for its almost irridescent pink-purple-azure berries. Hall DW, 1984. Pepper vine - working its way into Florida groves. Sida: MD: Literature: … Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Floristic composition and potential competitors in the Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) colonies in Mississippi with the reference to hydrologic regime. SIDA, Contributions to Botany, 21(2):1081-1106. From riverbanks & woods from Virginia to Illinois and southward comes this grape-like vine with its unlobed heart-shaped leaves & small purple berries nice fall color. Reported requirements for the species are: pH 6.8 to 7.2; soils sandy, sandy loams, medium loams and clay loams; in sun to partial shade (Wildflower Center, 2016). Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. October 2011. Its heart-shaped leaves are much less lobed than those of its congener, Ampelopsis glandulosa; also, its twigs are less hairy. Bark on older stems is tight, dark brown, deeply grooved, with long ridges that are flat-topped and netted. USA. A. arborea is reported as growing in hardwood forests, swamps, marshes, stream banks, spoil banks in wetlands, bluffs, shrub lands and prairies (Gemborys, 1974; Schneider and Sharitz, 1986; Stalter, 1984; Easley and Judd, 1993; Kelly, 2006; Nolfo-Clements, 2006; MacRoberts et al., 2009). Preference for some other pollens shown by lines of honeybees selected for high and low alfalfa pollen collection. Easley Mc; Judd WS, 1990. Similar Items. heartleaf peppervine. Vitaceae: Generos Ampelocissus, Ampelopsis e Cissus. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Vascular flora of Little Talbot Island, Duval County, Florida. The structure of hardwood forest ecosystems of Prince Edward County, Virginia. Ampelopsis cordata (heartleaf ampelopsis; heartleaf peppervine), Structure: Shrub National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Tropicos database. Arnoldia, 4(9/11):45-64. Flowering occurs from April to September. Florida Entomologist, 54:245-248. The following description is from the Wildflower Center, 2016: A deciduous to semi-evergreen vine that can be ground cover-like, but is often high-climbing and bushy. Overview Appearance Ampelopsis cordata is a perennial climbing vine in the grape family, but its fruit is not edible. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Ampelopsis . There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. Woody flora of Shiloh National Military Park, Hardin County, Tennessee. This Compendium follows The Plant List (2013), and Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne as the recognized name for the species. USA. collect. Castanea, 48(4):289-299. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, A. arborea is a deciduous or semi-evergreen vine which can either grow near the ground or as a climber. It is native to the southeastern United States. In its native range, birds and mammals are reported as eating the fruits and dispersing the seeds through their droppings (Kimbrough, 2008). (2014) proposed the segregation of 10 species of Ampelopsis to Nekemias, nine occurring in Asia and Nekemias arborea (L.) J.Wen & Boggan (=A. Coker WC, 1905. Information about the invasiveness of the species and its effects over the invaded habitats and the biodiversity is needed. heartleaf peppervine. Ampelopsis aconitifolia monkshoodvine Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Amur peppervine Ampelopsis cordata heartleaf peppervine Ampelopsis mexicana . Stems often die back in winter. Sun-ShadeMed Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Kelly L, 2006. ©Chris Evans/University of Illinois/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US, Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); habit, showing tendrils. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Heartleaf Peppervine has … Grows 35 ft. or more. Castanea, 71(4):295-311. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. ©James H. Miller/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US, The most abundant species of the shrub-sapling layer of hardwood forests, Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Documentation State Type; 1967. – heartleaf peppervine Subordinate Taxa. Stalter R; Leyva M; Kincaid DT, 1999. Humans may not relish the flavor of the fruit, but the berries are eaten by birds and small mammals. Kimbrough (2008) suggests cutting the older vines near the ground and treating the cuts with a broadleaf herbicide. Legal Status. The Southwestern Naturalist, 3(1/4):214. Heart-leaved peppervine is a woody liana that hails from the southern states. Fruit not edible. Peppervine (Ampelopsis arborea), Horticulture Update. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. It also can pull down small trees from its weight and compete with canopy trees for sunlight. 1192 pp. In: Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 4 (1) 381-390. Fruit matures in August–November. Data Source. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. Accessed: 08-Apr … Common names Heartleaf peppervine … Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Young fruits are green then pinkish then blue to purple. Near the coasts it is found in salt marshes, estuaries, mudflats and sand dunes (Coker 1905; Evans, 1979; Easley and Judd, 1990; Hoffman and Dawes, 1997; Stalter et al., 1999). USA, ©Louisiana State University AgCenter/G. Hand pulling during the spring before flower buds appear, is the preferred management option for the control of A. arborea in gardens (Kimbrough, 2008). This plant has no children Legal Status. At present it is only reported as introduced in Barbuda and Cuba; it is thought to be invasive on the latter island but details are lacking (Broome et al., 2007; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). , 2012. Lay DW, 1965. Species recognized by wikipedia VI, Mexico … Journal of Mammalogy, 63(4):668-672. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Journal of Coastal Research, 13(1):147-154. The species was reported for Puerto Rico, but Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012) argue that the species does not occur on the island. A. arborea has a low risk of introduction. Foliage is about 5 in (13 cm) long and 4 in (10 cm) wide broadly ovate, with an extended tip, coarsely toothed margins, and a truncate to heart shaped base. SIDA, Contributions to Botany, 18(3):861-875. Noble RE; Murphy PK, 1975. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(Special Issue):145-158. Genus Synonyms. This species also has flower clusters that are compact and broad while grapes have clusters which are elongated. It is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America extending to Mexico. The flora of Bull Island, Charleston County, South Carolina. Leaflets roughly ovate, coarsely toothed, dark green on the upper surface, lighter on the lower. Habitat. Raccoon grape might be more easily confused with some of our Vitis species, but its white pith, fewer tendrils, and tight bark help to separate it from them. arborea) in North America. Food of the armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus L. from Cumberland Island, GA. Southeastern Naturalist, 11(3):487-506. Occurs in rich alluvial (river-deposited) bottomland soils in valleys, low woods, and slopes near streams, borders of streams, oxbow lakes, lowland thickets, borders of low woods, and fencerows. Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. You are here: Home / Profile Page / Data Source and Documentation for Ampelopsis cordata Michx. A floristic inventory of Dismal Key and Fakahatchee Island- Two shell mounds situated within the Ten Thousand Islands region in the Gulf of Mexico (Collier County, Florida). McGilvery FB, 1966. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 86(2):109-19. Online database. Its status in Cuba is unsettled, being declared as either native or introduced (Lombardi, 2000; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Wen et al., 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016). Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata This project is … Chromosome numbers for Ampelopsis arborea (Vitaceae) and Linaria texana (Scrophulariaceae). It also attracts song birds and wood ducks, Aix sponsa (McGilvery, 1966; Wildflower Center, 2016). Plants observed on an excursion to Grand Isle, Louisiana. USA. Horvitz CC; McMann S; Freedman A, 1995. Plants observed on an excursion to Grand Isle, Louisiana. Jarvis PJ, 1973. Preferred Names. Occurs scattered in the southern two-thirds of the state and locally northward along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. Online Database. It is listed with the FACW, FAC, FACU and UPL wetland indicators, which classify it as a species that can occur in wetlands and uplands (National Wetland Plant List, 2016). … Common Name(s): heartleaf ampelopsis [English] heartleaf peppervine [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Its fruits are attractive to birds and mammals, which act as dispersers of the species (Kimbrough, 2008). Whitaker Jr JO; Ruckdeschel C; Bakken L, 2012. North American plants and horticultural innovation in England, 1500-1700. Wilder GT; Barry; MJ, 2012. (Vitaceae) disjunct between eastern/southeastern Asia and eastern North America, with ten new combinations. – peppervine Subordinate Taxa. North American plants and horticultural innovation in England, 1500-1700. – peppervine Species: Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Lombardi JA, 2000. Wyman D, 1944. Base of leaf straight across (not cordate) not angled upward. map: Family: Scientific name @ source (records) Coccidae : Eulecanium cerasorum @ CSCA_TCN : Megachilidae : Megachile coquilletti @ UCRC_ENT : Megachile mendica … Nielsson RJ; Bhatkar AP; Denmark HA, 1971. > 10°C, Cold average temp. arborea fruits are attractive to birds and mammals (Kimbrough, 2008; Wildflower Center, 2016). Harper (1943) reports that A. arborea prefers lime rich soils. Southeastern Naturalist, 2(3):347-368. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. The species can reproduce asexually through hardwood and semi hardwood cuttings and runners (Kimbrough, 2008).Physiology and Phenology, The species is reported to be fast growing, either as a ground cover or a climbing vine. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. (Remember, of course, not to confuse grapevines with poison ivy.). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Harper RM, 1943. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. TYPE: Allosampela heterophylla (Thunberg) Rafinesque (Vitis heterophylla Thunberg) + Expand All. Leaves - Heart shaped leaves, glabrous (no hairs) on upper surface with a few hairs on the veins of the underside of the leaf. Flowering is in May–July. Stems - White pith; No exfoliation; Plants as seen in their local environment. Vascular flora of Morse Clay Prairies in northwerstern Louisiana. Ecology, 55(3):614-621. Ampelopsis cordata Michx. It is by Charles T. Bryson at USDA Agricultural Research Service. Schmalzer PA; Turek SR; Foster TE; Dunlevy CA; Adrian FW, 2002. Wetland Status. Your Email: This field is for administrative purposes only. It is reported as invasive for Cuba, but without information about the spread and invasiveness in that country (. Flora Neotropica, 80:1-250. Seeds 1–3 per berry. Treatment of emerging vines with a contact or systemic herbicide is also recommended (Hall, 1984). http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Castanea, 37(2):140-146. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Hall (1984) reports that it is a weed in citrus groves. heartleaf peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Michx. (2010) argue that the species could overtake other plants due to its growth habit; and that it can smother other species, making it an undesirable plant for cultivation. Mackensen O; Tucker SC, 1973. National Wetland Plant List. Lewis WH, 1958. Flowers RW; Furth DG; Thomas MC, 1994. Fruits are found from June to October. http://www.tropicos.org/. The most aggressive native vine in the state, it can smother small- to medium-sized trees. The Flora of Indian shell rings from coastal South Carolina to northern Florida. National Wetland Plant List, 2016. In A. arborea new leaves are purple red, 2-3 pinnately compound with mature fruits that are red to blue-black. http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/2008/jan08/Peppervine.html. Castanea, 40(3):228-238. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Zomlefer WB; Giannasi DE; Judd WS; Kruse; LM; Bettinger KA, 2004. Fruit fleshy, up to 5/8 inch in diameter, black and shiny when ripe, inedible. Kimbrough MGM, 2008. In: Arnoldia, 4 (9/11) 45-64. Cissus ampelopsis Pers. The flowers are very small, white in color, and inconspicuous. Heartleaf Peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Fruits are fleshy and attractive to birds and mammals, which disperse the seed in their droppings. A. arborea is native to North America (north-central, northeastern, south-central and southeastern regions of the United States) and the north of Mexico (See Distribution Table for details; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Online Database. Ampelopsis can grow anywhere. Southeastern Naturalist, 5(3):499-514. ex S.Watson Cissus indivisa Desmoul. USA. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); foliage and fruits. Exotics and hurricane damage in three hardwood hammocks in Dade County Parks, Florida. MD: Literature: … Characteristics. Journal of Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 3(1):355-366. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The chromosome number for A. arborea is reported as 2n=40 (Lewis, 1958).Reproductive Biology, A. arborea flowers are inconspicuous and visited by a wide array of insects, including the honey bee, Apis mellifera (Mackensen and Tucker, 1973; Kimbrough, 2008). ©James H. Miller & Ted Bodner/Southern Weed Science Society/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Ripe fruits are dark purple almost black. The Plant List, 2013. Floristic composition and potential competitors in the Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) colonies in Mississippi with the reference to hydrologic regime.