It is also worth to mention that students eat together with the teacher to establish better relations inside their collective. When it comes to uniforms, rules are very strict. Even in the Edo period, over 70% of all children went to school. The Ministry of Education closely supervises curriculum, textbooks, and classes and maintains a uniform level of education throughout the country. Compulsory school in Japan begins when a child reaches six years. ). In Japan, a school year consists of trimesters with four weeks summer vacation, two weeks winter vacation and two more weeks of spring vacation. The students take turns serving portions. Attendance Requirements. Japan is considered to be one of the most intelligent, polite and healthy nations in the modern world. The Japanese School System Society Culture Jan 11, 2016 Compulsory education lasts for nine years in Japan, between the ages of 6 and 15. Usually, schools with a high reputation are among the top-priced. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. In Japan, there are both — for kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, high school and college. Most students attend public schools through the lower secondary level, but private education is popular at the upper secondary and university levels. As a result, a high standard of education is possible. The capital of Japan and the largest city in the world, Tokyo is the place to be if you love the big city life. *The gimukyoiku (compulsory education) period is 9 years: 6 in shougakkou (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou (junior high school). If a student wants to enter a highly-regarded junior-high school, it is necessary to pass an entrance examination. Japanese school system consists of: 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and. Children are required to attend school for a minimum of nine years – six years of primary and three years of lower secondary education. Though education in Japan is highly valued and there are nearly no students who face learning problems, there is also a dark side of it. Because of the rapid population growth after World War II, the number of students in a typical elementary or junior high school once exceeded 50. As you can see, students in Japan do not have any autumn vacations. When it comes to collectivism, there is no better example than cleaning held in Japanese schools. The gimukyoiku 義務教育 (compulsory education) time period is 9 years, 6 in shougakkou 小学校 (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou 中学校 (junior high school). Elementary School Life in JapanThe School DayJapan Video Topics (english) Traditional Japanese school uniform for boys is designed in a military style, while a uniform for girls reminds of sailors. The second one is aimed at those who reached three years. In Japan, students must attend school up to the end of junior high school (15 years old). Still, the country provides the ability to choose between public and private schools. Both Haiku and Shodo are taught to teach students to respect their culture and traditions. Though preschools are not compulsory and not free, more than 90% of Japanese students attend them. Schools in Japan are subdivided into pre-school, elementary school which takes 6 years, junior high school which takes 3 years and high school which takes 3 more years. Following elementary education at kindergartens and day-care centers, children move on to primary schools, where they complete 6 grades in preparation for junior high. Ari no mama de - The Japanese Version of "Let It Go", "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" Christmas Carol in Japanese, Umi no mizu wa naze karai - Learn from a Story, Celebrating Father's Day in Japanese Culture, Guide to the Japanese Language in the Animated "Spirited Away". 4. American vs Japanese Schools. Yōchien(幼稚園, Nursery school) from 3 to 6 years old. Besides the new primary (also called elementary) schools, Japan's modern educational system included two other main elements: secondary schools and universities. She has been a freelance writer for nearly 20 years. From Monday through Friday, schoolchildren attending elementary and middle schools have lunches prepared for them in the classroom. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. Official compulsory schooling ends when students graduate from Junior-High schools. It is wort… Instead, industrious … It lasts for 3 years and starts when a child reaches 12 years. There is often homework over these vacations. There is always something to do, incredible festivals to attend, museums to visit and plenty of places to eat and drink (great for practising your Japanese and meeting new people! School is typically divided intofive cycles: 1. The meals are healthy and well-balanced, containing all the nutrients and calories … Attendance of high school is not compulsory in Japan. There are two main types of preschools in Japan: hoiku-en and yochi-en. Nearly all junior high schools require their students to wear a school uniform (seifuku 制服). Students make them by themselves and generally, the process includes cleaning of their classroom, cafeterias, and even toilets. One of the reasons why Japanese people are so unique is explained by their system of education and school system in particular. Grading System in Japan. It means that the compulsory study in Japan takes 9 years. Still, there are also technical high schools in Japan, where a student can get a specific technical education. It is worth to mention, that attendance rate in Japanese schools is close to 100%.  They do not skip classes and do not get late for school. After this time, junior high and high school students will usually take part in club activities (“bukatsu”) until about 6:00 pm. Kaze no tame, shigoto ni ikimasen deshita. For the first three years of their study, Japanese students are taught good manners and respect for people and nature. As a result of the rapid population growth after World War II, the numbers of students in a typical elementary or junior high school class once exceeded 50 students, but now it is kept under 40. BEPPU, OITA PREF. Primary Education. It was created in an early post-war period when Japan was occupied by Americans. Japan: So far, so good. Still, your mark will define if you can enter this or that school. Daigaku (大学, University) or Senmongakkō(専 門 学校, Vocational school) in general with a duratio… The school system in Japan consists of three years of optional kindergarten, six years of primary school, three years of lower secondary school and three years of upper secondary school. School holidays in Japan consist of public holidays with both national and cultural holidays such as New Year, National Foundation Day, and Christmas.However, Japan also has unique holidays which aren’t celebrated elsewhere in the world. Nearly all junior-high schools in Japan require students to wear an individually designed for each school uniform. Japan, which has mostly kept COVID-19 under control, took a conservative approach to reopening schools in June. April is the height of spring when cherry blossoms (the most loved flower of the Japanese!) Secondary school was not yet compulsory and was intended for children deserving of additional training. Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert. About 25% of high school students in Japan attend private schools. Also, Japanese students study calligraphy at school. Generally, the attendants of high schools are those students who want to continue their education and to enter this or that university. No Janitors. The current system includes six years of elementary school, three years of Lower secondary school, three years of upper secondary school and, finally, four years of higher education. In fact, teachers at junior high schools in Japan work an average of 63 hours and 18 minutes per week — the longest hours among all OECD countries — and there is little overtime compensation. A child born from 2nd April onwards would have to enrol in elementary school the following year when they are closer to 7 years old. Uniforms also tend to be required in physical education as well. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. So generally students attend public ones. Education in Japan is compulsory at the elementary and lower secondary levels. One of the most distinctive features of the Japanese school system is the beginning of a school year that starts in April. While not compulsory, high school (koukou 高校) enrollment is over 96% nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities. Even after school lets out, the children have drills and other homework to keep them busy. 2. As you can see, students in Japan do not have any autumn vacations. We do hope you will enjoy it! In Japan, the children attend more school … The first one is created for children from two months of age. As we mentioned before, it is impossible to fail one. Many students say that it school education is too intense and that parents along with teachers put too much pressure on children, even in their early childhood. About 46% of all high school graduates go on to university or junior college. The gimukyoiku 義務教育 … Its basic structure is outlined below: 6 years primary school (shogakkou) 3 years junior secondary school (chugakkou) 3 years senior secondary school (koutougakkou) 4 years university; The importance of education is established at … PISA tests further prove this. bloom and the most suitable time for a new start in Japan. Also, the Japanese believe that it is important to dedicate these years to developing student’s character, self-control, and justice, to teach them how to be generous and compassionate. 第二次世界大戦のあとの急激な人口増加のため、典型的な小中学校の生徒数はかつて50人を超えました。. Not Janitors, But Students Clean The School. 5. Vacations are 6 weeks in the summer and about 2 weeks each for winter and spring breaks. The modern educational system started in 1872 and is modeled after the French school system, which begins in April. 3. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. Today, 99% of people in Japan can read and write and school is still seen as a highly important stepping stone in early life. In the late 1800s, the Meiji leaders established a public education system, thus greatly increasing the country’s literacy rate. The Japanese school system is modelled after the system in the United States. Classrooms can be alphabetical, as my high school … The cost of high school education, as well as the difficulty of entrance examinations, varies widely across the country. Still, there are about 97% of students who attend high schools in Japan. The programmes for those children aged 3–5 resemble those at kindergartens. Every class has its own fixed classroom where its students take all the courses, except for practical training and laboratory work. A. Still, as they graduate from a high school, there are no final examinations. Japan has one of the world's best-educated populations, with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and zero illiteracy. What are school lunches like? This helps to explain the Japanese characteristic of group behavior. In Japan, it is called Shodo, the art that is as popular in Japan as painting. This difference in the school-year system causes some inconvenience to students who wish to study abroad in the U.S. A half-year is wasted waiting to get in and often another year is wasted when coming back to the Japanese university system and having to repeat a year. Compulsory education lasts for 9 years through elementary and junior high school. 4 more years are for those who study in university. Though Japanese students have one of the longest school days in the world, they also attend extracurricular courses. That is probably why these two systems of school education are quite similar and quite often are compared to each other. In Japan, students stay in one class (homeroom) and it's teachers that moves around at the bell, unless you have PEs, science experiments, or cooking for example. Though education in Japan is one of the most intense one in the world, students do not have any exams until they reach the age of ten. The compulsory study includes attending elementary school and junior high school. Japanese students have to clean … The Japanese school system is quite similar to the American one, though it is quite more intense and, maybe, even more effective. Except for the lower grades of elementary school, the average school day on weekdays is 6 hours, which makes it one of the longest school days in the world. When it comes to private junior-high schools, there are just a few of them. It means that Japanese students usually attend a public elementary school that lasts for six years. In America, school grades are counted as 1 -5 for 小学校 (elementary school), 6-8 for 中学校 (junior high) and 9-12 for 高等学校 … The process of studying takes 3 more years and prepares students who want to enter a university to pass an entrance exam. School holidays are uniform throughout schools of the country. Explore Japan Schools. Education through middle school is compulsory in Japan, where schools remain structured after the American model. Still, there are some schools that use individually designed uniforms. In Japan, a school year consists of trimesters with four weeks summer vacation, two weeks winter vacation and two more weeks of spring vacation. You won’t find a janitor in any Japanese school. Kōkō(高校, High school) from 15 to 18. The high school drop out rate is about 2% and has been increasing. Q. There are some differences between American and Japanese schools, and these differences include the amount of school days that are attended by the children and the types of schools available, as well as the pressure exerted on the children in order for them to achieve good grades.. Furthermore, it is impossible to fail an exam. School holidays are uniform throughout schools of the country. School system in Japan wants its students to remain healthy. The educational appr… The Fundamental Law of Education in Japan was introduced in 1947, changing the educational system to the 6+3+3+4 structure. The Japanese education system consists of six years of elementary school, three years of middle school and three years of high school.Japanese elementary schools tend to be highly-organized but fun and emphasize community responsibility and group activities. Discover grammar tips, writing help, and fun English language facts. Ever since 1954, kyushoku (school lunch) has been an official part of the Japanese school curriculum. It is exactly yochi-en where studying of hiragana, a Japanese syllabic script, starts. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. © Copyright 2018 - This list contains details of language schools, international schools and other institutions offering English language courses in Japan. At public elementary and junior high school, school lunch (kyuushoku 給食) is provided on a standardized menu, and it is eaten in the classroom. That is probably why they never repeat school years. In Japan, reading, writing and arithmetic have been augmented by the "3Cs" — teaching kids to avoid close conversation, crowds and closed spaces.