http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Agaceta LM, Dumag PU, Atolos JA, Bandiola FC, 1981. Jatropha curcas L. Econ. (2005), including Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus spp. 43 (1), 21-38. Other Jatropha species in the section Curcas include: J. pseudo-curcas, J. afrocurcas, J. macrophylla, J. villosa (syn. Dissertation. In Zambia, primary seed dispersal of J. curcas was limited: rodents and shrews dispersed and predated seeds and fruits, but none of the seeds repositioned in their burrows could establish (Negussie et al., 2013a). 583. Tropicos database. Tolerates average to poor soils. The name Jatropha curcas was first used by Linnaeus, and although there are a number of synonyms this name is still valid today. Flora of the Galapagos Islands. http://www.tropicos.org/. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35(1):74-79. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09619534, Goswami A, 2006. Beitr. Untersuchungen nber genotypische Eigenschaften und Vermehrungs-und Anbauverfahren bei der Purgiernu¯ (Jatropha curcas L.) [Studies on genotypic characteristics and propagation and cultivation methods for physic nuts (Jatropha curcas L.)]. Its usefulness has been challenged, but it is true the plant can produce seeds with an oil content of 37%. Die Purgiernuss (Jatropha curcas L.) - Botanik, +kologie, Anbau. Jatropha seed oils for energy. J., 2:56. Grierson AJC, Long DG, 1987. Need for generating baseline data for monitoring insecticide resistance in leaf webber cum fruit borer, Pempelia morosalis (Saalm Uller), the key pest of biofuel crop, Jatropha curcas. Ultramar. Flowers: The flowers are small, green yellow to yellow white in colour.Flowering season is spring to summer. University of California Publications in Botany, Vol. 209: 124 pp, The Plant List, 2013. 1, Part 3. Invasiveness risk of the tropical biofuel crop Jatropha curcas L. into adjacent land use systems: from the rumors to the experimental facts. In: GE Wickens, JR Goodin, DV Fields, Conference on Economic plants for Arid Lands. (2006) and Low and Booth (2007), and further comparison of positive and negative impacts are required for J. curcas as well as many other biofuel crops. Another scutellarid, Agonosoma trilineatum is also a serious problem from seed-feeding, and red pumpkin beetles (Aulacophora foveicollis) are also found to infest the leaves (Sharma, 2006). Estudio de Jatropha curcas L. Comorecurso biotico. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. : J. wightiana), J. hintonii, J. bartlettii, J. mcvaughii and J. yucatanensis. 13 DAS Jatropha curcas x integerrima (4635562762).jpg 1,024 × 522; 639 KB. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Hamburg, Germany: Dr. Kovac, Heller J, 1996. Adding biofuels to the invasive species fire? During field trials, Heller (1992) observed a number of different insects that visited flowers and could pollinate the plant, noting that in Senegal, staminate flowers open later than pistillate flowers in the same inflorescence which to a certain extent promotes cross-pollination. London, UK: Chapman and Hall, 135-149, Pax F, 1910. Curcas curcas publ Curcas drastica Mart. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. It is listed as a weed in a number of countries, and is a class A noxious weed (to be eradicated) in the Northern Territory, Australia (Crothers, 1998) and a declared noxious species in Western Australia (PIER, 2008). Suitability of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) as single host plant for the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus Dallas (Het., Coreidae). A comparison of the nutrient and antinutrient composition of industrially processed Zimbabwean Jatropha curcas and Glycine max meals. Locally, vehicles and machinery aid the spread of Jatropha through the movement of capsules and seed, vegetative parts of the plant, and soil containing seeds. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Chivandi E, Kachigunda B, Fushai F, 2005. B.P. The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. Instituto de Agronomia e Veterinaria, Lisboa, Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander SN, 2007. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Jatropha curcas. 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. PAC Occasional Paper - Pakhribas Agricultural Centre, No. Implementation of contour vegetation barriers under farmer conditions in Burkina Faso and Mali. Prospects of cultivation of medicinal plants in Chhattisgarh, India. After introduction into Asian countries, J. curcas has spread very rapidly, and due to its ethnobotanical uses, promotion as an ornamental and hedge plant encouraged its further spread. World Checklist of Euphorbiaceae. This may cause further damage to ecosystems and natural biodiversity. Jatropha curcas a promising agroforestry crop. glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International. Journal of Applied Entomology, 122(9/10):515-521; 19 ref, Grimm C, Somarriba A, 1998. Morphology and infrageneric relationships of the genus Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae). Further studies on the actually environmental impacts of J. curcas are needed, especially where known to be invasive already such as on Pacific islands, and attempts must be made to assess the merits and demerits of this species as an invasive weed or valuable biofuel crop. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. EEB Greenhouses assume no responsibility for adverse effects from the use of any plants referred to on this site. by Bhojvaid PP] New Delhi, India: Teri Press, 207-219, Govaerts R, 2015. American purging nut, Barbados nut, Barbados purging nut, bed bug plant, big purge nut, black vomit nut, Brazilian stinging nut, Cuban physic nut, curcas bean, hell oil, physic nut, purge nut, purging nut, purging nut tree, tuba Journal, 6(1/2):28-34, Soontornchainaksaeng P, Jenjittikul T, 2003. BeitrSge zur Kenntnis der Anatomie der wichtigsten Euphorbiaceensamen unter besonderer Berncksichtigung ihrer Erkennungsmerkmale in Futtermitteln. Indian Forester, 132(6):763-766. http://www.indianforester.org, Anitha K, Chakrabarty SK, Sunil N, Rao RDVJP, Varaprasad KS, Khetarpal RK, 2005. USDA-ARS (2015) notes a native range of Mexico, Central America and northern South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru and Paraguay) excluding the Caribbean. Curcas lobata Splitg. Plant Division: Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon) Plant Growth Form: Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub: Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial: Mode of Nutrition: In laboratory experiments, ground J. curcas capsules showed molluscidal activity against the host of liver fluke (Lymnaea auricularia rubiginosa) (Agaceta et al., 1981).