South Sudan’s independence came after years of talks and deliberations which later resulted in a referendum, allowing the country to become independent. Top 100 largest countries by area. In reality, Africa is a group of countries that have dealt with years or even centuries of colonial rule, the effects of which some countries do still struggle to overcome. Sudan lost over 75% of its oil supply as a result of this separation. Central African Republic: 622,984: 240,535: 622,980: 240,534: 0.4 %: 44: South Sudan: 619,745: 239,285: 610,952: 235,890: 0.4 %: 45: Ukraine: 603,500: 233,013: 579,320: 223,677: 0.4 %: 46: Madagascar: 587,041: 226,658: 581,795: 224,632: 0.4 %: 47: Botswana: 582,000: 224,711: 566,730: 218,816: 0.4 %: 48: Kenya: 580,367: 224,081: 569,140: 219,746: 0.4 %: 49: France: 551,695: 213,011: 547,557: 211,413: 0.4 … This is a list of countries by total area. Islam is the most common religion. Africa’s total area is 30.3 million km² (11.7 million mi²) split across 54 countries. 4) Libya (1,759,540 square kilometers) North African nation Libya is the seventeenth-largest country in the world. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country’s far north. They occupy huge areas and stretch across the continents. KiAfrika 12,056 views. The export of energy is the country’s backbone. Let’s take a look at both of these countries and learn some facts about the geography and population of both countries. Excitingly, its always changing, too: history has taught that geopolitical boundaries shift dramatically as the centuries pass. List of African countries by area. Sudan was the largest country in Africa until 2011, after which South Sudan split from Sudan. After a protest against Qaddafi turned into a massive killing in February 2011 by the security forces, warplanes and helicopter gunships, more protests arose throughout the country, igniting the Libya Civil War. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Empires In Human History By Land Area, The Smallest Countries In The World By Total Land Area. Women hold a lot of power in Algeria, with 60% women judges and 70% women lawyers. But despite that, it is a bustling hub for trade in the world, being rich in oil, growing fruits and crops for export, and with emerging business centers. Remarkably, it features the lowest unemployment rate out of the countries on this list, at 2%, speaking volumes for its nationals, who work mostly in agriculture, growing cotton in the south, and raising cattle in the central regions. Algeria is a member of the African Union, United Nations, and the Arab Leagues. In Sudan, it is prohibited to consume alcohol ever since the Sudanese president, al-Nimeiry, enforced sharia law throughout the country and poured the entire stock of it into the Nile river, in 1983. Approximately 90 percent of Algeria is desert. kilometers of area. Which are the top twenty largest, smallest, and territorial country in Africa by land area? Before the partition of Sudan into South Sudan and Sudan, Sudan was at the top among the list of biggest countries of Africa by area. 9.South Africa. Largest Country in Africa By Area and Land Size Before June 2011 Among the list of largest countries in Africa before June 2011, Sudan is right at the number one spot with an area of 2,505,813 sqkm. Chad is a former French colony. List of African countries by area; List of Asian countries by area; List of North American countries by area; List of Oceanian countries by area; List of South American countries by area; References. km, and boasts a tropical climate at and near the 0° latitude. km. Growth rate, median age, fertility rate, area, density, population density, urbanization, urban … On July 9, 2011, South Sudan seceded after a vote supported by 98% of the southern Sudanese, which makes South Sudan the youngest country in the world, and leaves Sudan in the third place of African countries ranked by land size, at 1,861,484 sq. Around one million of Libya’s six million people live in Tripoli. Algeria is the largest African country by land area, but only 12% of it is populated. Nigeria, "List of countries, territories and currencies", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, List of countries and territories by border/area ratio, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_African_countries_by_area&oldid=991874886, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:11. Top five smallest African countries and dependent territories are Mauritius, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Saint Helena and Mayotte. km. In the late 1400s, this delta in the Congo River with the two port cities at each side was a major hub for trade, where the local inhabitants first came into contact with the Europeans who established control: the Belgians on the south-east bank and the French on the north-west. Approximately 90% of Algeria is desert. It is the twenty-fifth-largest country in the world by land area. Covering the land area of 1,759,540 sq. Formally known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, this country consists mostly of Saharan desert regions that remain almost entirely uninhabited. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division. Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa by Area - Duration: 3:17. Algeria is the biggest country in Africa and tenth-largest in the world, covering the land area of 2,381,741 sq. The population of South Africa is around 53 million people. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total … Bordering Burundi, Rwanda is the most landlocked country in Africa. Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Djibouti; Djibouti, with its 23,200 square kilometers of land, is in eighth place. Below is a list of all countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. List of countries (or dependencies) in Africa ranked by population, from the most populated. This was not always the case, with Sudan having held the rank of largest African country until South Sudan separated in 2011, dividing the nation into two countries. The 10 largest ones are more or less known to everybody. Premarital sex and drinking in Sudan are punishable by whipping, theft by amputation, and homosexuality by death, but more commonly the accused are whipped. 10.Ethiopia. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the biggest country in Africa. After a vote supported by 98% of the southern Sudanese to secede, Sudan descended in rank as the largest country in Africa to the third place. Last edited on 25 November 2020, at 17:55. There are many stereotypes associated with Africa, including it being nothing but jungle and tribes, or warring nations with genocide, or where the children are always hungry. The nation of Chad assisted the French during the Second World War, and France rule over the country was lifted in increments until its independence in 1960. Algeria exports large quantities of natural gas to Europe due to its massive reservoirs of gas and oil. Top 10 Smallest Countries in Africa by Land Area. km, Libya's population is 6,890,535, and one out of every five Libyans is unemployed. Algeria is the largest country in Africa and the 10th largest country in the world. Algeria was a French colony from 1830 to 1962, so much of the population speaks French, along with Arabic and Berber. The Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are two separate countries, occupied initially by the French and Belgians, respectively. By Alisa Mala on August 21 2020 in World Facts. In the next decades, whos to say which countries will become the worlds largest? Algeria’s defense budget is the largest in Africa. It is Africa's second-largest country by land area at 2,344,858 sq. This is a very unique case for Islamic nations or in Islam traditionally. Algeria gained its independence from France in 1962. Here is a brief outline of the top 10 largest African countries, with information regarding the area covered. Algeria is the largest country in Africa and also the northernmost. 90% of Algeria is desert, and only 12% of it is inhibited by people. On June 30, 1960, the Democratic Republic of the Congo proclaimed its independence. The total area is the sum of all land and Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). It has an area of 2,381,741 km² though eighty per cent of this area is covered by the Sahara desert. In fact, Africa is the second largest continent in the world preceded by Asia. 3:17. Sharing very different views on power, Libya has been in a long-standing conflict with the US: from bombings to embargos on oil, to attempts at reconciliation, thwarted by the nation's leader until 2011 Muammar al-Qaddafi's criticisms of the Western nation. ALGERIA . Among its important sites is Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. 10. The student body is also made up of 60% women, and for the most part, women receive higher incomes than men. Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. Russia is the largest country by far, with a total area of about 17 million square kilometers. The largest country in Africa by area is Algeria with 2,381,740 sq. Not to be confused with the Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo is often referred to by the acronym DRC, or by its capital and administrative center name, Kinshasa. Although pyramids are often associated with Egypt, Sudan, with over 200 of the ancient structures, is the land with the most pyramids in the world. The 10th-largest nation on the planet is also the biggest country in Africa. The Earth's surface is divided into many countries, and some of them are real giants like Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia. The largest city in Africa and seventh in the world, the latest estimate the population at 21 million, the city located in the Lagos state in Nigeria and one of the fastest growing cities … The French-claimed Congo received independence soon after, on August 15. The capital city of Algeria is Algiers. Since the divide of Sudan, Algeria is the largest country in Africa by area and the tenth largest country in the world. Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011. Each one of Africa’s largest countries is unique in its own way, with some being predominantly religious, some, at war, and others just existing peacefully, with hard-working nations everywhere, attempting to make a good standard of living for their children. The na… The Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean and a major tourist destination. Victoria, the country’s capital is located about 1,500 km away from mainland Africa. In geographic "East Africa," the largest country by area is Sudan (1,886,000 km2). The statistic shows the 30 largest countries in the world by area. Wikipedia 10. The largest … Before June 2011, Sudan was the biggest African country, however, since South Sudan declared their independence (from the Northern part of Sudan) in June 2011, that changed. The first warrant for arrest was issued in 2008 for the former military leader and the last president of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir. km, Chad has a very low population density of 20 persons per square mile. The history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo dates back to the Leopold II of Belgium who claimed the land as his own in 1885, which was then taken over by the Belgian Government in 1908. It’s home to numerous beaches, coral reefs and nature reserves, as well as rare animals such as giant Aldabra tortoises. He was finally placed under arrest after a military coup in 2019 for his crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the genocide in Darfur, and his trial began in July 2020. Burundi (25,680 km) Burundi is located in Central Africa, and is one of the poorest countries in Africa with an income of just $818 per person per year (in purchasing power). It is the tenth largest country in the world. … Although Arabic and Berber are the official languages, French is also widely spoken because Algeria is a former French colony. Fifth in size on the African continent with the land area of 1,284,000 sq. It is located in the North of Africa, along the coast of Mediterranean sea. Africa is one of the biggest continents on earth by area. This is still an improvement over its 30% unemployment rate in 2004 in this nation that was once an Italian colony. 3) Sudan (1,861,484 square kilometers) Sudan is an Arab republic located in the Nile valley of North Africa. Tripoli is the largest city and the capital of Libya. Jump to navigation Jump to search ... Below is a list of all countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. Algeria is the only African country that made it to the top ten. Africa is the 3rd largest continent by area, with 30 million km 2, occupying 20.3% of the total land area of the Earth. With the total area of 2.38milliom square kilometers it covers the great area of Saharan Desert. Algeria is a nation in North Africa with a Mediterranean shoreline and has an expanse of the Saharan desert. This country has a total area is 2.38 million square kilometers and is the largest country in Africa (second is the Democratic Republic of the Congo). Algeria is right next after Sudan while the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) is the third largest country in Africa. Sudan is the largest country in Africa at 967,495 square miles Which is the largest country by area in Africa? The French overthrew the dictator Rābiḥ in 1900 and established the colony under their protection, but due to France's involvement in both World Wars, their protection did not do much for progression in Chad. Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. As of 2020, the country counted 206 million individuals, whereas Ethiopia, which ranked second, had 115 million inhabitants. The Sahara desert is home to some of the unique animals on Earth who have adapted to the harsh climate of the Sahara.Officially known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria with official languages as Arabic and Berber. By land size, the largest country in Africa is Algeria, with an area of around 2,380,000 square kilometers. Almost the entire population (90%) works in agriculture and more than 80% lives below the poverty line. Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius are some of the island nations of Africa located in the Indian Ocean near Seychelles. Algeria is the largest nation in Africa by area. Despite its surface area of 26,798 km², Rwanda has more than 11 million inhabitants, ie more than 410 inhabitants per km². With the equator crossing much of the African continent, the Democratic Republic of the Congo occupies much of this part of Africa. Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011 . The 10 Largest Countries in Africa By Land Area . Situated on the South-east side of the Congo River and the South Western border with the Republic of Congo, Kinshasa serves as the country's main port. Below is a list of 10 countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. Top 10 Largest African Countries By Area. The Republic of the Congo is often referred to plainly as Congo, or Brazzaville, which is its capital sitting on the north-west side of the Congo River. Top five largest country of Africa is Algeria, Congo Democratic Republic of the, Sudan, Libya and Chad. 9) South Africa (1,219,090 square kilometers) South Africa has 2,798 km of coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Despite concentrating countless natural wealth, the African continent is one of the poorest in the world. The area of European countries varies widely, over several orders of magnitude: See also. Since Islam is the main religion in Algeria, alcohol is absent from the majority of the stores, and often goes unlisted on the menus even if it is available. Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011. Following are the top ten countries with the largest land area in the world, hence top ten largest countries in the world. This was a long-term after-effect of the African civil war, while the dispute over the right to the oil-rich Abyei region still persists today. With over the 48 billion barrels of oil reserves on its territory, Libya’s civil war around oil wealth also contributed to the present-day civil war, involving ISIS and other military groups scattered around the country. It is one of the largest densities in Africa and the world. Updated May 13, 2020.