Version 1.0: Preliminary data were released in November 2018 to accompany the publication of the Simard et al, 2019 paper in Nature Geosciences. Copyright © 1997–2020. Prev | Next : Mangrove Forests Distribution (2000): Africa. We used readily available Google Earth very high-resolution imagery to map mangrove distribution in the Galapagos. They thrive in salty environments because they can obtain freshwater from saltwater. Some secrete excess salt through their leaves, while others block absorption of salt at their roots.Florida's estimated 469,000 acres of mangrove forests contribute to the overall health of the state's southern coastal zone. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. The study only included areas with Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) elevation values ranging from 0 to 55 m to eliminate inland areas over-classified as mangrove wetlands. To review Global Mangroves distribution starting from Americas on West side, followed by Africa, South asian, South east asian, ending with Australia and New zealand mangroves on East side. process of making mangrove distribution map. A transect will be used to measure distribution for the mangrove study at Bobbin Head. World Mangrove Distribution Total 150,000 km2 North and Central America 22402 14.7% South America 23883 15.7% km2 km2 West and Central Africa South East Asia 51049 33.5% km2 East Asiakm2 215 0.1% Atli/N South Asia 20040 13.2% Middle East 624 0.4% km2 km2 Australia/New Zealand 10171 6.7% 10344 6.8% East and South Africa 7917 5.2% Pacific Ocean 5717 3.8% km2 km2 km2 km2. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-018-0279-1, Lagomasino, D., T. Fatoyinbo, S. Lee, E. Feliciano, M. Simard, and C. Trettin. As well as providing habitat for biodiversity they provide many services for people. Typically surrounding salient river deltas, mangrove regions support a variety of halophytes. The in situ field data were used to derive stand-level allometry between AGB, basal area weighted height Hba and maximum canopy height Hmax. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1670, Spatial Coverage: Global within a circum-equatorial band from 31 degrees north to 39 degrees south, Temporal Coverage: 2000-01-01 to 2009-12-31, Temporal Resolution: One-time estimates for nominal year 2000, Study Area (All latitudes and longitudes are given in decimal degrees). Only areas with SRTM elevation values ranging from 0 to 55 m above mean sea level were included so as to remove some areas falsely identified as mangroves. Abundance. of stems) was estimated for each plot and expressed per unit area (in ha). Mangroves comprise several species of trees and shrubs that grow along sheltered intertidal shores, mainly in tropical & subtropical coastal waterways. , Global forest Change maps of Hansen et al. Estimates of 1) mangrove aboveground biomass (AGB), 2) maximum canopy height (height of the tallest tree), and 3) basal-area weighted height (individual tree heights weighted in proportion to their basal area) for the nominal year 2000 were derived across a 30-meter resolution global mangrove ecotype extent map using remotely-sensed canopy height measurements and region-specific allometric models. Zones in the mangroves . R. mangle is one of approximately 35 species of true mangroves, with another 60 or more species of mangrove associates ().Most of these species occur in the Indo-Pacific region, with R. mangle being one of the three species that commonly occur in the Americas.R. Version 1.2: Data files were updated in May 2019 because the height to biomass (AGB) conversion equations in the associated Nature Geoscience publication were correct but were implemented incorrectly when generating the publicly available data files. 2014. Tree density (that is, the no. (2011). The SRTM estimates of Hmax (that is, SRTMHmax) were validated with in situ collected data in Pongara National Park to confirm the validity of the tallest canopy height values in Gabon. Delitti, A. Duque, T. Eid, P.M. Fearnside, R.C. East zone. Their results identify winter climate thresholds for salt marsh-mangrove forest interactions and highlight coastal areas in the southeastern U.S. Global Mangrove Forests Distribution, v1 (2000) » Maps Follow Us: Twitter Follow Us on Facebook YouTube Flickr | Share: Twitter Facebook. The leaves are glossy green above with a distinctive pale and slightly hairy, g… Nature Geoscience, 12: 40–45. Ecology Letters, 12: 351–366. The global model was generated using all of the plot data (n = 331) and Hba of the field data, while the regional models were generated for the Americas (using data from Colombia, USA, Venezuela, Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, n = 81), East Africa (using data from Mozambique, n = 101) and South Asia (using data from Bangladesh, n = 149). Open a high-resolution version of Map 1 that can be saved as a PNG file The most common mangrove is white mangrove (Avicennia marina), which is found in mainland coastal areas and comprises three subspecies. Mangrove distribution on the island of Pohnpei, 2020. There are approximately 40 species of mangroves distributed worldwide. 2019. Mangrove canopy height globally related to precipitation, temperature and cyclone frequency. Map style. The canopy height maps were generated using SRTM DEM data collected in February 2000 and lidar heights from the ICESat/GLAS Spaceborne Lidar mission. Research looks to the past to identify historical changes in mangrove and salt marsh dominance and distribution over the past 250 years. Florida mangrove plant communities covered an estimated 430,000 to 540,000 acres (1,700 to 2,200 km 2) in Florida in 1981. World Mangrove Distribution . Archive Center Leaves measure up to 8 cm in length and 5 cm in width. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Other secondary factors are: air temperature, salinity, ocean currents, storms, shore slope, and soil substrate. Based on the analysis, from the research data obtained the total area of mangrove in Riau Islands in 2011 and 2017 amounted to 71,504.83 Ha and 64,218.90 Ha, … Colgan, W.B.C. Rivera-Monroy, E. Castaneda-Moya, N. Thomas, and T. Van der Stocken. Application and information are then presented in web form. The relationship between SRTM and Basal Area Weighted Height (Hba) had a correlation coefficient R2 value of 0.78 and RMSE of 3.60 m at global scales. The world map below shows where mangrove forests are located. al, 2010. The Global Mangrove Forests Distribution, 2000 data set is a compilation of the extent of mangroves forests from the Global Land Survey and the Landsat archive with hybrid supervised and unsupervised digital image classification techniques. To identify mangrove ecotype areas and mask non-mangrove regions in the SRTM elevation dataset, we used the global mangrove extent map from Giri et al. This map shows the distribution of burnt forest in Australia, by the number of times each hectare was burnt in the period 2011–12 to 2015–16: PNG [1.0 MB], PDF [2.1MB]. The authors wish to express thanks to Prof. Guiying Chen from South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, CAS, and Gang Li from Chinese University of Hong Kong, for their full support of field works. study is to map out spatial distribution of mangrove using Sentinel 2A imagery high spatial resolution and GIS technology with acquired in April 05th 2018. The geographical distribution of mangroves can be divided into two main regions, consisting of a Western Group and an Eastern Group. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20: 154-159. https;//doi.org/:10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00584.x, Simard, M., L. Fatoyinbo, C. Smetanka, V.H. The distribution of mangroves has been mapped through the Queensland wetland mapping and more details can be found in the intertidal and subtidal mapping. Filenames include the country name. Users who would like to choose to format the citation(s) for this dataset using a myriad of alternate styles can copy the DOI number and paste it into Crosscite's website. The Moreton Bay region has approximately 20,000 ha intertidal communities, mostly mangroves and saltmarsh. Welcome to Global Mangrove Watch Monitoring to catalyse the action needed to protect and restore mangroves . Mugasha, H.C. Muller-Landau, M. Mencuccini, B.W. The seaward side of the community is likely to be dominated by a fringe of grey mangroves … Mangrove mapping is done with remote sensing technology using high-resolution image data. Trees have a large trunk covered by light grey, finely fissured bark that supports a spreading leafy crown. Links. The three data products: mangrove aboveground biomass (agb), maximum height (hmax), and basal area weighted height (hba) are provided in separate files for each of the 116 countries. Australia has 39 mangrove spec… Please visit the data citations page for details. Saldarriaga, and G. Vieilledent. Simard, M., L. Fatpyinbo, C. Smetanka, V.H. Where To Look. Global Mangrove Forests Distribution, 2000. Aerial roots growing from the tree´s limbs also help the plant breathe. Their results identify winter climate thresholds for salt marsh-mangrove forest interactions and highlight coastal areas in the southeastern U.S. The heights of five of the tallest observed trees were measured using a laser rangefinder, confirming the location of the areas with the tallest mangrove canopy in the world (with all five trees measuring between 62 m and 65 m). Thank you! The global mangrove forest AGB map was generated by linking the field-measured biomass–height allometry (described above) with SRTM estimates of Hba (that is, SRTMHba). Analysis of canopy height variance obtained from SRTM, lidar, and field measurements demonstrated that SRTM height characterizes mean overstory canopy height and maintains consistency over time when measuring canopy height in established mangrove forests. The Mangrove forest type is found in all mainland states and the Northern Territory (Map 1). ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. This research was jointly supported by the National … Field data were used to estimate forest structure attributes (that is, Hba, Hmax and AGB). Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature ; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. Global Mangrove Distribution (USGS) Oct 23, 2013 Uploaded by Heidi Hausman. There are 348 data files in GeoTIFF format (.tif) with this dataset. High-resolution insets in b–e: (b) Coastal Nariño and Cauca (Colombia),(c) Coastal Pará (Brazil), (d) Bombetoka Bay (Madagascar), and (e) Bintuni Bay (West Papua, Indonesia). The lenticels are air-filled spaces that connect with underground root structures. There are approximately 40 species of mangroves distributed worldwide. SRTMHba was calculated by relating field values of Hba to SRTM DEM elevations: where HSRTM represents the original SRTM DEM and SRTMHba the new basal area weighted canopy height dataset. Regional biomass allometric models developed for this study had a combined RMSE of 57.2 Mg ha-1 (ranging from 46.6 Mg ha-1 to 72.0 Mg ha-1) and an R2 of 0.77. But ground-based evidence suggests these vital coastal forests have been strained in many regions because of harvesting for food, fuel, and medicine. Open in Map Open in Map Description: Status and distributions of global mangroves have been mapped using recently available Global Land Survey (GLS) data and the Landsat archive. Zanne. Mangrove virtual excursion Mangroves in Hong Kong. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Description. In South Australia they are found along sheltered sections of the coast mostly within deep gulfs and inlets. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1357, Fatoyinbo, T., E. Feliciano, D. Lagomasino, S. Lee, and C. Trettin. Status and Distribution of Mangrove Forests of the World Using Earth Observation Satellite Data. These spatially explicit maps of mangrove canopy height and AGB derived from space-borne remote sensing data and in situ measurements can be used to assess local-scale geophysical and environmental conditions that may regulate forest structure and carbon cycle dynamics. 2019. Introduction. Why map seagrass and mangroves.