The club hosts its home games in the Estadio Monumental in the commune of Macul. The indigenous hosts of Michimalonco used this to their advantage, and attacked the fledgling city. Independencia, Santiago Elevation on Map In 1851 the first telegraph system connecting the capital with the Port of Valparaíso was inaugurated.[6]. Plaza Baquedano, near the center, lies at 570 m (1,870 ft). A series of disasters impeded the development of the city during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: an earthquake, a 1575 smallpox epidemic, in 1590, 1608, and 1618, the Mapocho River floods, and, finally, the earthquake of 13 May 1647, which killed over 600 people and affected more than five thousand others. From north to south, it is crossed by Autopista Central and the Independencia, Gran Avenida, Recoleta, Santa Rosa, Vicuña Mackenna and Tobalaba avenues. Elevation is 1555.0 feet MSL. [59], As of 2006, Santiago was home to 992,000 vehicles, 979,000 of which were motorized. However, this growth was experienced on the outskirts and not in the town itself. It also prevents the entry of air masses, with the exception of some coastal low clouds that penetrate to the basin through the river valleys.[21]. 805,000 cars passed through the city, which is 37.6% of the national total[clarification needed] or one car for every seven people.[60]. In addition to football, several sports are played in the city, tennis and basketball being the main ones. In 1903 an astronomical observatory was installed and the following year the first stone was placed for its 14-meter Virgin Mary statue, nowadays visible from various points of city. How Altitudes Are Measured . The center, however, lost people leaving more space for the development of trade, banking and government. On 12 February 1541 Valdivia officially founded the city of Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (Santiago of New Extremadura) near the Huelén, renamed by the conqueror as Santa Lucia. The city is now home to a growing theater and restaurant scene, extensive suburban development, dozens of shopping centers, and a rising skyline, including the tallest building in Latin America, the Gran Torre Santiago. The hosts of Valdivia camped by the river in the slopes of the Tupahue hill and slowly began to interact with the Picunche people who inhabited the area. [5] Isolated from reinforcements the Spanish had to resort to eat whatever they found, lack of clothes meant some Spanish came to dress with hides from dogs, cats, sea lions and foxes.[5]. Alonso de Cordova, Santiago's equivalent to Rodeo Drive or Rua Oscar Freire in São Paulo, has exclusive stores like Louis Vuitton, Hermès, Emporio Armani, Salvatore Ferragamo, Ermenegildo Zegna, Swarovski, MaxMara, Longchamp, and others. The system was launched in earnest on 10 February 2007, combining core services across the city with the subway and with local feeder routes, under a unified system of payment through a contactless smartcard called "Tarjeta bip!" - 6.26 km/3.89 mi - All such trains arrive and depart from the Estación Central railway station (Central Station), which can be accessed by bus or subway. The proposed scheme set a limit of 38 600 urban and semi hectares for a maximum population of 3,260,000 inhabitants, included plans for the construction of new avenues, like the Américo Vespucio Avenue and Panamericana route 5, and the expansion of 'industrial belts'. Huechuraba, Santiago Elevation on Map Santiago, Chile Lat Long Coordinates Info. The border between Argentina and Chile follows the Andes Mountains. The celebration of the World Cup in 1962 gave new impetus to implement plans for city improvement. However, the constant danger faced by Concepción, due partly to its proximity to the War of Arauco and also to a succession of devastating earthquakes, would not allow the definitive establishment of the Royal Court in Santiago until 1607. For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santiago are -33.457 deg latitude, -70.648 deg longitude, and 1,824 ft elevation. Elevation : 476 meters / 1561.68 feet, 26. In addition to construction of important buildings, the city began to develop as nearby lands welcomed tens of thousands of livestock. However, in March 2012, the Mapocho Wastewater Treatment Plant began operations, increasing the wastewater treatment capacity of the city to 100%, making Santiago the first capital city in Latin America to treat all of its municipal sewage. Provides buses to all destinations in Chile. Approximately 10.4% of the population of the Metropolitan Region stated that they were atheist or agnostic, while 5.4% declared that they followed other religions. To tackle these issues a new transport system, called Transantiago, was devised. Valdivia later summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura. - 1.89 km/1.17 mi - This made up 37.3% of Chile's total vehicle count. The whole of Greater Santiago does not fit perfectly into any administrative division, as it extends into four different provinces and 37 communes. This team plays its home games in Estadio San Carlos de Apoquindo. The club was founded on 24 May 1927, under the name Club Deportivo Universitario as a union of Club Náutico and Federación Universitaria. On 11 September 1541, the city was destroyed by the natives, but the 55-strong Spanish Garrison managed to defend the fort. Most of the city lies between 500–650 m (1,640–2,133 ft) above mean sea level. In face of this barbaric act, the natives dispersed in terror. In total, eight blocks from north to south, and ten from east to west, were built. Universidad de Chile has 18 national titles and 5 Copa Chile wins. - 6.44 km/4 mi - - 10 km/6.21 mi - Elevation : 631 meters / 2070.21 feet, 28. Pedro Aguirre Cerda on map The city became the main hub of the national railway system. Line 3 opened on January 22, 2019 with 18 new stations [58][57]. In 1958 the Intercommunal Plan of Santiago was released. The General Cemetery opened, work on the canal San Carlos was completed, and, in the south arm of the Mapocho River, known as La Cañada, the drying riverbed, used for sometime as a landfill, was turned into an avenue, now known as the Alameda de las Delicias. Albany, New York ... Upper-elevation wines benefit from their grapes' intense exposure to the elements. This page shows the elevation/altitude information of Chile, including elevation map, topographic map, narometric pressure, longitude and latitude. Finally, the Américo Vespucio Avenue acts as a ring road. When founded, Valdivia used the name "Santiago del Nuevo Extremo" or "Nueva Extremadura", based on the territory he expected to colonize and that he named honouring his native Extremadura. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7.4 km, while 15% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. - 6.66 km/4.14 mi - Santiago is an economically divided city (Gini coefficient of 0.47). The city is entirely located in the country's central valley. In Santiago's major theater companies are located, hosting several national and international projects, with the highest expression during the International Theatre Festival known as Santiago a Mil, which takes place every summer since 1994 and has gathered more than one million spectators. This system also offers reduced fares for the elderly, as well as high school and university students. The city and region's demonym is santiaguinos (male) and santiaguinas (female). The Museum of Fine Arts, though it is located in the city center, was built in the early twentieth century, especially for housing the museum and in the back of the building was laid in 1947, the Museum of Contemporary Art, under the Faculty of Arts of the University of Chile. Elevation : 538 meters / 1765.09 feet, 10. To this other structures adopted artistic trends from Europe, as the Equestrian Club of Santiago, the head offices of the University of Chile and the Catholic University, Central Station and the Mapocho Station, Mercado Central, join the National Library, Museum of Fine Arts and the Barrio París-Londres, among others. Estimates in 2007 show that 32.9% of men and 30.7% of women were less than 20 years old, while 10.2% of men and 13.4% of women were over 60 years. Following the edge of the Mapocho River, Costanera Norte was built to link the northeast of the capital to the airport and the downtown area. A fire destroyed the building of the Congress in 1895, which was then rebuilt in a neoclassical style and reopened in 1901. Santiago was left unprotected. Provides buses to south of Chile and some northern cities, as well as Argentina (Mendoza and Buenos Aires) and Paraguay (Asunción). Extant buildings include the Casa Colorada (1769), the San Francisco Church (1586), and Posada del Corregidor (1750). These mountains contribute to a considerable smog problem, particularly during winter. Colectivos are shared taxicabs that carry passengers along a specific route for a fixed fee. For children and teenagers, there are several entertainment venues, such as amusement park Fantasilandia, the National Zoo or the Buin Zoo on the outskirts of the city. Santiago, Chile ; Destinations in United States. The streets of Santiago were paved and by 1875 there were 1,107 railway cars in the city, while 45,000 people used tram services on a daily basis. It is also one of the largest cities in the Americas. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Topographic Map of Las Condes, Santiago, Chile. According to the National Census, carried out in 2002 by the National Statistics Bureau (INE), in the Santiago Metropolitan Region, 3,129,249 people 15 and older identified themselves as Catholics, equivalent to 68.7% of the total population, while 595,173 (13.1%) described themselves as Evangelical Protestants. [40][41] However, rabies is practically non-existent in Chile. When she realized they were being overrun, she ordered the execution of all native prisoners, and proceeded to put their heads on pikes and also threw a few heads to the natives. Maipú, Ñuñoa, Renca, Lampa and Colina were to be created in 1891, Providencia and Barrancas in 1897, and Las Condes in 1901. Santiago has a wealth of museums of different kinds, among which are three of 'National' class administered by the Directorate of Libraries, Archives and Museums (DIBAM): the National History Museum, National Museum of Fine Arts and the National Museum of Natural History. The four office towers are served by highway and subway connections.[63]. Parque Araucano in Las Condes adjacent to the Parque Arauco shopping mall contains 30 hectares of gardens. Santiago Metro has six operating lines (1, 2, 3, 4, 4A, 5 and 6), extending over 142 km (88 mi) and connecting 118 stations. The most popular is the Metrotren Nos service, between the Central Station of Santiago and Nos station, in San Bernardo. Estación Central, Santiago Elevation on Map Independence, however, was not assured. North of the Plaza de Armas ("Square of Arms," where the colonial militia was mustered) are the Paseo Puente, the Santo Domingo Church (1771), and the Central Market (Mercado Central), an ornamental iron building. In 1979, the master plan was amended. Terrapuerto Los Héroes: located two blocks east of Metro station "Los Héroes." In 1767, the corregidor Luis Manuel de Zañartu, launched one of the most important architectural works of the entire colonial period, Calicanto Bridge, effectively connecting the city to La Chimba on the north side of the river, and began the construction of embankments to prevent overflows of the Mapocho River. Its capital is Santiago. Santiago, Región Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile Lat Long Coordinates Info. Macul on map On the other hand, the opera and ballet performances are permanently accepted by the Municipal Theatre of Santiago, located in the heart of the city and which has a capacity of 1500 spectators. Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport (IATA: SCL) is Santiago's national and international airport and the principal hub of LATAM Airlines, Sky Airline, Aerocardal and JetSmart. San Miguel, Santiago Elevation on Map [71], The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC) was founded in June 1888 and was ranked as the best school in Latin America in 2014. [28], The 1960 Valdivia earthquake and the 1985 Algarrobo earthquake both caused damage in Santiago, and led to the development of strict building codes with a view to minimising future earthquake damage. Elevation : 569 meters / 1866.8 feet, 12. There are 18 cinemas in the capital with a total of 144 rooms and over 32,000 seats, the projection centers than 5 arthouse add. [55] The proposed Santiago–Valparaíso railway line would connect Santiago with Valparaíso in 45 minutes, and expansions of the commuter rail network to Melipilla and Batuco are under discussion. Among the main works during this period are the remodeling of the Cerro Santa Lucía which, despite its central location, had been in a state of poor repair. In order to provide more closeness to the population, incorporating new technologies and complement the services provided by public libraries and the National Library was opened in 2005 the Library of Santiago at Barrio Matucana. This range reaches 3296 metres at Cerro de Ramón. - 5.27 km/3.28 mi - La Pintana, Santiago Elevation on Map The city outskirts are surrounded by vineyards and Santiago is within an hour of both the mountains and the Pacific Ocean. The city held a round of the all-electric FIA Formula E Championship on 3 February 2018, on a temporary street circuit incorporating the Plaza Baquedano and Parque Forestal. Lo Prado, Santiago Elevation on Map The building is also the headquarters of the Court of Appeals of Santiago. The 2023 Pan American Games will be held in Santiago. [45] Other communes of Greater Santiago with high numbers of immigrants are Estación Central (17%) and Recoleta (16%). Provides buses to the. The San Cristobal Hill in this period began a long process of development. Ex-president, Sebastián Piñera, minister Ricardo Raineri, and minister Hernán de Solminihac all attended PUC as students and worked in PUC as professors. Also in downtown Santiago is the Torre Entel, a 127.4-meter-high television tower with observation deck completed in 1974; the tower serves as a communication center for the communications company, ENTEL Chile. The definition of this metropolitan area has evolved due to the continuing expansion of the city and the absorption of smaller cities and rural areas. It was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1906. Ñuñoa on map Not far from the theatre is the Subercaseaux Mansion and the National Library, one of the largest libraries of South America. La Florida on map Lima, for example, is about 505 feet (154 meters) above sea level at the Plaza de Armas (the main plaza), while Cerro San Cristóbal (the highest point in Lima) rises up to 1,312 feet (400 meters).