Choosing the wrong sand creates problems and is very expensive over time. Such as General criteria and Engineering criteria. A lot of guys here do rendering using building sand with a shovel full of sharp (screeding sand) in the mix.  the most common constituent of sand is silica (silicon dioxide, or SiO2), usually in the form of quartz. The three types of sand are: Sharp sand, builder's and plasterer's sand, and kiln-dried silver sand. It is a smooth kind of sand and has cohesive properties. Pit sand is coarse type sand (I’ll discuss coarse sand later in this post). Which types of sand should I use for plasterwork? The sand which is passing through the 3.175 mm sieve is called coarse sand. The building may develop cracks or damages with use of improper quality of sand. One final point to note with the sand used in construction is that it should be as clean and free from impurities (soil, clay etc) as possible and also, as uniform in terms of grain size as possible depending on the type you are using. In summary, builders sand should be used for: Builders sand or river sand used for plastering, mortar and masonry and laying bricks and blocks. Soils consist mainly of a mixed combination of silt, sand, and clay. Red sand typically contains higher levels of iron-oxide. Sand itself sits between gravel and silt with it’s grains being smaller than those that make up gravel but larger than those that make up silt. Grab your copy now for all the DIY help you need right at your finger tips! As we briefly mentioned above, sand is arguably one of the most used materials in the building trade. Which types of sand should I use for concrete? And ranging in size from 0.06 mm to 2 mm.Particles which are larger than 0.0078125 mm but smaller than 0.0625 mm are termed silt.. 3. As the grains are smaller and smoother, this results in a much smoother overall finish hence the reason builders sand is used in screeding and plastering applications. When compacted with gravel and other materials, sand does not retain water. In the construction industry, you’ll hear of two main types of sand. Sand can be used for construction, sports grounds, homes, schools etc. However, the percentage of these can vary, resulting in more compound types of soil such as loamy sand, sandy clay, silty clay, etc. It has earned its name because it’s the most common type used to mix cement or hot asphalt. On some occasions the available sand may also be a reddish colour. We briefly mentioned above that the silt content of pretty much any sand used in construction should not be greater than 4%. For construction, sand is commonly used as an ingredient for concrete, with numerous options available depending on what a project needs. Sand to be used for making concrete contains a lot of large, very rough particles – strictly, particles larger than 6.3mm diameter. The answer to this question has to do with the previously mentioned fact that sand, as a commodity, is in short supply and as large DIY chains tend to buy in massive bulk quantities, their normal supplier may not be able to supply them in these quantities from their normal go-to source due to low stocks. Your email address will not be published. Texture: Rough, smooth, or polished. Sort of left out pumice, vermiculite and shredded Styrofoam aggregates for a similar product strength as AAC, but the ease of being able to small batch mix for thinner finish (over all sorts of block, rock and brick), don’t forget the easy binders such as polypropylene chopped thread (or steel wire or stamped ties) to keep cracking at bay for the undercoat [I see this missing in many videos]. (medium sands), 0.06-0.2 mm (fine sands). Sand as mentioned above is comprised of silica (Quartz) but other minerals can also be found in it including clay particles & iron and it is this that gives sand its colour. The particles of fine sand are much smaller when compared to the other types. Fine aggregate shall consists of natural sand, crushed stone sand, crushed gravel sand […] These sands contain added materials such as iron or clay, which help them to be sturdier bases in foundation building or concrete work. Sand is the key ingredient in all good arena footing. They can give you an idea of the typical soil type in the area you are building, and the sort of foundation that is appropriate. Coarse sand, also known as yellow sand or builder's sand, allows water to gather in pockets to feed roots as they search for nutrients in the soil. Feldspar is an extremely common group of minerals that makes up nearly three quarters of the earths surface. It is an integral part of concrete Concrete - Wikipedia 2. This fine-grained, clean sand is utilized in the creation of mortar or concrete; the final product is typically used to lay bricks, blocks, or stones. Steel Calculation For Beams: The Easiest Process, Column Reinforcement Calculation: A Step By Step Process, Pile Reinforcement Calculation: An Easy Process, How To Calculate Concrete Quantity For Slabs, Minimum Concrete Cover For Rebar: A Guide For Construction Professionals. Unlike the sharp sand above, builders sand is much finer due to the fact that the grains are much smaller. Based on General criteria, sand can be many types. Out of them Pit sand, M sand, and River sand are majorly used. This type of sand is a fairly course type of sand due to the fact that the particles that make it up are fairly large. river sand) this sand-type is normally collected from the beds and banks of rivers or from around more inland water sources as, again, the presence of salts and other organic matter needs to be kept to a minimum to ensure that atmospheric moisture is not absorbed that could then cause damp issues. Green Sand: ADVERTISEMENTS: The green sand is the natural sand containing sufficient moisture in it. 3. Due to this it is not used widely in construction. Due to the fact that beach sand is collected from coastal regions, it does contain the afore mentioned salts that absorb atmospheric moisture and cause damp issues. Based on where to be used, the sand can be classified as follows –. The name “pit” refers to how it’s sourced; It’s essentially dug out of a large pit from ground, roughly 1-2 metres below ground level. DIFFERENT TYPES OF SAND USED FOR BUILDING Many kinds of building materials have multiple uses. It’s primarily used in making concrete as due to the shape of the grains, it binds extremely well to form a tough and solid surface, but due to the size and shape of particles, not that smooth. To add to the confusion of not only having various different types of sand, each different type of sand can have up to 10 different names depending on the area of the country you’re in and what trade you’re involved in. We have highlighted them below and their recent prices. Using sharp sand in screeds provides more strength compared to using other types of sand. Silica Sand has good refectoriness and porosity which is desirable for mould manufacturing. Such as General criteria and Engineering criteria. The fineness modulus should not be more than 1.5 and silt content should not be more than 4% in this type of sand. With the above in mind, it can be used in the following applications: Artificial sand or M-sand used for rendering, laying bricks and blocks and general mortar and masonry work. 3. What do you think about landscaping sand, paving sand, etc? As the name suggests (e.g. It has also high strength at high temperature which make it most useful material in mould manufacturing. BUILDING MATERIALS - SAND 1. These sands contain added materials such as iron or clay, which help them to be sturdier bases in foundation building or concrete work. Sandstones make up about 20 to 25 percent of all sedimentary rocks. We will consider the types of sand from the civil engineering point of view. This Natural type of sand is obtained from sea-shore. It is mixture of silica and 15 to 30% clay with about 8% water. What kind of sand is recommended? Most local authorities produce a fact sheet on typical foundation solutions for different soil types commonly found in the area. Basically moulding sand is the mixture of silica with water, clay and some binding agent. This coarse sand has large particles and is used in mixing concrete.